Federal Resources

NATIONAL FISH AND WILDLIFE FOUNDATION
Cumberland Plateau Stewardship Fund
The Cumberland Plateau Stewardship Fund is dedicated to restoring native forests to conditions that will improve associated wildlife species and the health of freshwater systems, while advancing strategies to support working forests.

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE
Conservation Stewardship Program
The Conservation Stewardship Program helps agricultural producers maintain and improve their existing conservation systems and adopt additional conservation activities to address priority resources concerns.  Participants earn CSP payments for conservation performance - the higher the performance, the higher the payment. Through CSP, participants take additional steps to improve resource condition including soil quality,  water quality, water quantity, air quality, and habitat quality, as well as energy.

Conservation Technical Assistance Program
NRCS delivers conservation technical assistance through its voluntary Conservation Technical Assistance Program (CTA).  CTA is available to any group or individual interested in conserving our natural resources and sustaining agricultural production in this country. The CTA program functions through a national network of locally-based, professional conservationists located in nearly every county of the United States. Among other things, this assistance can help land users: Protect and improve water quality and quantity; Maintain and improve wildlife and fish habitat.

Environmental Quality Incentives Program
EQIP provides financial and technical assistance to agricultural producers in order to address natural resource concerns and deliver environmental benefits such as improved water and air quality, conserved ground and surface water, reduced soil erosion and sedimentation or improved or created wildlife habitat.

Mississippi River Basin Healthy Watersheds Initiative
Through the Mississippi River Basin Healthy Watersheds Initiative (MRBI), NRCS and partners work with producers and landowners to implement voluntary conservation practices that improve water quality, restore wetlands, enhance wildlife habitat and sustain agricultural profitability in the Mississippi River basin. The 13-state initiative builds on the cooperative work of NRCS and its conservation partners in the basin, and offers agricultural producers in priority watersheds the opportunity for voluntary technical and financial assistance. Cumberland River Basin Watersheds to receive funding in 2016 include Upper Buck Creek and the Red River.

National Water Quality Initiative
NWQI is designed to help individual agricultural producers take actions to reduce the loss of sediment, nutrients and pathogens into waterways where water quality is a critical concern. The goal of NWQI is to implement conservation practices in sufficient quantity in a concentrated area so that agriculture no longer contributes to the impairment of water bodies within priority watersheds. To achieve these goals, NRCS will work with landowners to implement conservation practices such as nutrient management, cover crops, conservation cropping systems, filter strips, terraces and buffers. The Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) funds this assistance, and in some cases, is leveraged by funds from local and state partners.Within the Cumberland River Basin, all NWQI priority watersheds are at the HUC12 level and within the Collins River watershed. Priority watersheds are the Little Hickory Creek (051301070101), West Fork Hickory Creek watershed (051301070102), and Hickory Creek watershed (051301070103). 

Regional Conservation Partnership Program
The Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP) promotes coordination between NRCS and its partners to deliver conservation assistance to producers and landowners. NRCS provides assistance to producers through partnership agreements and through program contracts or easement agreements. RCPP encourages partners to join in efforts with producers to increase the restoration and sustainable use of soil, water, wildlife and related natural resources on regional or watershed scales.

Southeast Kentucky Early Successional Habitat Initiative
The purpose of the Southeast Kentucky Early Successional Habitat Initiative is to establish fish and wildlife habitat on private agricultural land and nonindustrial private forestland in a highly forested area of the State with a large potential for early successional habitat improvement. Emphasis will be placed on forest stand improvement practices with the objective of creating or maintaining early successional forest habitat to benefit a suite of wildlife species. This initiative is available in a number of Cumberland Basin counties in KY. 

Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations (WFPO) Program
This program provides technical and financial assistance to States, local governments and Tribes (project sponsors) to plan and implement authorized watershed project plans for the purpose of: watershed protection; flood mitigation; water quality improvements; soil erosion reduction; rural, municipal and industrial water supply; irrigation; water management; sediment control; fish and wildlife enhancement; and hydropower. 

Watershed Surveys and Planning Program
The purpose of the program is to assist Federal, State, and local agencies and tribal governments to protect watersheds from damage caused by erosion, floodwater, and sediment and to conserve and develop water and land resources. Resource concerns addressed by the program include water quality, opportunities for water conservation, wetland and water storage capacity, agricultural drought problems, rural development, municipal and industrial water needs, upstream flood damages, and water needs for fish, wildlife, and forest-based industries. Types of surveys and plans include watershed plans, river basin surveys and studies, flood hazard analyses, and flood plain management assistance. The focus of these plans is to identify solutions that use land treatment and nonstructural measures to solve resource problems.

Wildlife Initiative
The purpose of this Kentucky initiative is to help participants develop fish and wildlife habitat on private agricultural land, nonindustrial private forest land and Indian land. NRCS provides technical and financial assistance to landowners and others to develop or enhance upland, wetland, riparian, and aquatic habitat areas on their property. 

TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY
Angler's Aquatic Plant ID
Want to be a better angler? Learn smart, season-based strategies for fishing the “weeds.” 

U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS
Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration

Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration found under Continuing Authorities Program Section 206 of the Water Resources Development Act of 1996, as amended, authorizes the Corps of Engineers to participate in the planning, engineering, and construction of projects to restore degraded aquatic ecosystem structure, function, and dynamic processes to a less degraded, more natural condition. 

Volunteer Clearinghouse
The Corps of Engineers offers many volunteer opportunities to care for recreation facilities and natural resources, including water related opportunities such as 'Water Safety Program Presenter' and 'Fish and Wildlife Habitat Work opportunities.'

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Level III and Level IV Ecoregions
This map service displays Level III and Level IV Ecoregions of the United States and was created from ecoregion data obtained from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development's Western Ecology Division. The original ecoregion data was projected from Albers to Web Mercator for this map service.

National Land Cover Datasets
The primary objective of the NLCD is to provide the Nation with nationally complete, current, consistent, and public domain information on the Nation's land cover. Land cover information is critical for local, state, and federal managers and officials to assist them with issues such as assessing ecosystem status and health, modeling nutrient and pesticide runoff, understanding spatial patterns of biodiversity, land use planning, deriving landscape pattern metrics, and developing land management policies.

NatureServe Analysis of Imperiled or Federally Listed Species by HUC-12 Watershed
This EnviroAtlas dataset includes analysis by NatureServe of species that are Imperiled (G1/G2) or Listed under the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA) by 12-digit Hydrologic Units (HUCs). 

ROE National Land Cover Dataset (NLCD)
This raster dataset comes from the National Land Cover Database (NLCD), 2011 version. It represents land cover across the contiguous 48 states, circa 2011. Each 30-meter-square pixel has been classified using a standard land cover classification scheme, and some of these categories have been aggregated further according to procedures outlined in EPA's Report on the Environment (www.epa.gov/roe). Data were originally processed and compiled by the Multi-Resolution Land Characteristics Consortium (MRLC), a U.S. federal inter-agency group, based on Landsat satellite imagery.

U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
Appalachian LCC Conservation Design Framework
Researchers identified five conservation design elements covering many critical ecological processes and patterns across the Appalachian LCC geography. These elements include large interconnected regions as well as broad landscapes that connect them. Small areas that are likely to contain larger ecological significance than their size would suggest were also mapped. Examples of aquatic and terrestrial conservation targets are provided that represent design elements. All of the elements are assessed in regards to the three major landscape level threats in the geography (climate change, energy development, and urbanization from housing density). Since cultural resources are an additional critical piece of conservation design in the Appalachians, a conceptual framework was developed for mapping these resources across the entire geography and will be integrated in a future iteration of the conservation design.

Aquatic Invasive Species Educational Resources
Resources for educating the public about aquatic invasive species. 

Aquatic Resource Education Grant
The Aquatic Resource Education Program provides grant funds to the states, the District of Columbia and insular areas fish and wildlife agencies for angler education, developing outdoor ethics, stewardship and conservation to increase the public understanding of the nation’s water resources and associated aquatic life forms. The Aquatic Resource Education Program is part of the Sport Fish Restoration Program

Barrens Topminnow Project
The Barrens topminnow is an extremely rare fish occurring in springs and spring influenced streams on the Barrens Plateau in south-central Tennessee. The USFWS' Dale Hollow National Fish Hatchery is an active member of the Barrens Topminnow Working Group, a conservation coalition dedicated to the protection of existing populations of Barrens topminnows while restoring and enhancing other areas within the species historic range for future reintroductions. 

Barrens Topminnow Project
The Barrens topminnow is an extremely rare fish occurring in springs and spring influenced streams on the Barrens Plateau in south-central Tennessee. The USFWS' Dale Hollow National Fish Hatchery is an active member of the Barrens Topminnow Working Group, a conservation coalition dedicated to the protection of existing populations of Barrens topminnows while restoring and enhancing other areas within the species historic range for future reintroductions. 

Candidate Conservation Program
The Candidate Conservation Program uniquely bridges the non-regulatory and regulatory approaches to species conservation. Two key elements: conducting assessments to identify species most in need of the ESA's protection and the activities that threaten them; and working through partnerships to conserve these species by improving habitat and removing threats.

Careers in Conservation
Information from the USFWS on careers in fish and aquatic conservation. 

Cooperative Freshwater Mussel Propagation/Culture Project
Freshwater mussels are currently one of the largest faunal groups listed under the Endangered Species Act. One of the goals of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is to stabilize and recover populations of depleted aquatic species, including mussels, and reduce the need for listing species under the ESA. This work is being undertaken at the Dale Hollow National Fish Hatchery in the Cumberland River Basin. 

Cross Creeks National Wildlife Refuge
Cross Creeks is a US Fish and Wildlife Service National Wildlife Refuge located four miles east of Dover, in Stewart County, Tennessee and approximately seventy-five miles northwest of Nashville, Tennessee. Its primary purpose is to provide feeding and resting habitat for migratory birds with an emphasis placed on providing habitat for wintering waterfowl. This webpage contains information for planning a visit, as well as information about the wildlife found at the refuge. 

Dale Hollow National Fish Hatchery
Dale Hollow NFH was established to mitigate for fishery resources which were lost due to the construction of federal water development projects in the Southeast. This is accomplished by stocking rainbow, brown, lake, and brook trout in waters impacted by federal dams. Stocking trout in public waters supports a significant recreational fishery which generates a substantial amount of economic activity for local and regional economies. This facility is also involved in the conservation of imperiled, freshwater, non-game fishes, and mussels.

Document Library
Documents organized by topics such as endangered species, candidate species, wetlands, conservation planning assistance, water resource development and more. 

Endangered Species Act Glossary
This glossary is intended to give the meaning of key words but does not necessarily provide a legal definition or thorough description. To locate the definitions of legal terms, please see the end of this document.

Endangered Species Quick Search Tool
A tool which allows users to search for endangered species by state, common or scientific name, or county. 

Endangered and Threatened Species that Occur in Kentucky
Listed endangered and threatened species believed to or known to occur in Kentucky. 

Endangered and Threatened Species that Occur in Tennessee
Listed endangered and threatened species believed to or known to occur in Tennessee. 

Environmental Conservation Online System (ECOS)
ECOS serves a variety of reports and data related to Fish and Wildlife Service Threatened and Endangered Species. Links for the systems most popular reports and data resources include: All Threatened and Endangered AnimalsAll Threatened and Endangered PlantsCritical HabitatDelisted SpeciesListed Species Summary, and Reclassified Species.

Geospatial Fisheries Information Network
The GeoFIN mapper is an interactive mapping tool that allows you to view barriers to fish passage across the U.S. as well as model their removal in your watershed. It also generates profiles and reports for a given geographic area and can search the Fish and Wildlife Service's fish passage barrier database.

Grant Programs Funded through the Cooperative Endangered Species Conservation Fund
This table shows the different grant programs funded through the Cooperative Endangered Species Conservation Fund, with the funding levels for this fiscal year. Grant programs include Conservation Grants, Recovery Land Acquisition, Habitat Conservation Planning Assistance, Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP) Land Acquisition.

Habitattitude
A website with resources and information for enabling aquarium hobbyists, backyard pond owners, water gardeners and others to responsibly dispose of unwanted aquatic plants or fish.

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) Planning
HACCP planning is a management tool that provides a structured method to identify risks and focus procedures that is being successfully used in natural resource pathway activities. Understanding pathways and developing plans to reduce non-target species and prevent biological contamination from aquatic invasive species is necessary to avoid unintended spread of species.

Invasive Aquatic Species
Invasive aquatic species in the US organized into highlow, and uncertain risk categories. 

iPac
iPac is a project planning tool which streamlines the US Fish and Wildlife Service's environmental review process. It allows users to see if any threatened or endangered species, critical habitat, migratory birds or other natural resources may be impacted by a project, explore the distribution of important biological resources, such as wetlands, National Wildlife Refuges, critical habitat, GAP land cover and more, input information about your project, and receive a list of conservation measures suggested by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Kentucky Arrow Darter Protection Work
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and U.S. Forest Service are stepping up to proactively conserve the Kentucky arrow darter, a candidate for protection under the ESA. Through a Candidate Conservation Agreement signed today, the two agencies are committing to take actions that will protect the small fish found in some of the small, headwater streams of the Daniel Boone National Forest. Click embedded links for a related press releasefact sheet, and conservation strategy for the darter. 

Landowner Incentive Program
The Landowner Incentive Program provides federal grant funds to grant funds to the states, the District of Columbia and insular areas to protect and restore habitats on private lands, to benefit Federally listed, proposed or candidate species or other species determined to be at-risk.

Migration Station
This webpage contains educational resources on fish migration. 

Multistate Conservation Grant Program (MCGP)
The MSCGP provides funding for wildlife and sport fish restoration projects identified as priority projects by the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies. These high priority projects address problems affecting states on a regional or national basis. Project types that are generally selected for funding are: biological research/training, species population status, outreach, data collection regarding hunter/angler participation, hunter/aquatic education, economic value of fishing/hunting, and regional or multistate habitat needs assessments.

National Conservation Training Center
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service offers a variety of conservation related courses. Some are in person / on-campus courses while others are offered online. Topics include climate change, ecology and field biology, environmental education, watercraft safety, outreach and partnerships and more. 

Outreach and Education - KY and TN Field Offices
Both the Tennessee and Kentucky field offices of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service provides information to the public concerning threatened and endangered species as well as other resource-oriented issues in Tennessee.  Presentations, informational booths, and outdoor exercises are some of the activities provided to school groups, civic organizations, college classes, etc.,  related to threatened and endangered species, neotropical migratory bird species (mostly songbirds), raptors (eagles, hawks, owls), law enforcement issues related to the Endangered Species Act and other legislation used to protect our wildlife resources.  We also provide educational material (brochures, fliers, fact sheets, etc.) related to these issues to better enhance learning opportunities for all. 

Predevelopment Consultation - TN Ecological Services Field Office
This Program provides early technical assistance to various entities who have applied for federal funds or will have to obtain a federal license or permit.  The purpose of the early coordination is to assist the applicant in determining if wetlands or federally endangeredor threatened species could be impacted by the proposed activity.  The intent is to provide early notification of potential issues before an applicant has committed significant resources toward specific plans or designs. 

Rapid Assessment and Response to New Introductions of Aquatic Invasive Species
Rapid assessment and response involves assessing the size of the infestation relative to the resources and tools that are available to completely remove the infestation (“eradication”). Visit this USFWS webpage to learn more. 

Report Aquatic Invasive Species Tool
Have you seen anything unusual?  Please report all aquatic invasive species locations.  This online sighting report tool, managed by the U.S. Geologic Survey in Gainesville, Florida, is available via the internet 24 hours a day.  

Slabside Pearly Mussel and Fluted Kidneyshell Resources
These two mussels became federally listed in 2013. The US Fish and Wildlife Services KY Ecological Services Field Station has economic analysis, coordinates, and additional information on these species on its website.

State Wildlife Grant Program
The State Wildlife Grant Program provides Federal grant funds to State fish and wildlife agencies for developing and implementing programs that benefit wildlife and their habitats, including species that are not hunted or fished.

Strategic Plan for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fish and Aquatic Conservation Program: FY2016-2020
This plan for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fish and Aquatic Conservation Program is built around seven core goals: • Conserve Aquatic Species; • Conserve, Restore, and Enhance Aquatic Habitats; • Manage Aquatic Invasive Species; • Fulfill Tribal Trust and Subsistence Responsibilities; • Enhance Recreational Fishing and Other Public Uses of Aquatic Resources; • Increase Staffing Levels, Technical Capabilities, and Natural and Physical Assets to Fully Meet Our Mission; and • Educate and Engage the Public and our Partners to Advance our Conservation Mission.

Wildlife and Sport Fish Restoration Program (WSFR)
The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service WSFR works with states to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, their habitats, and the hunting, sport fishing and recreational boating opportunities they provide. The Division of Wildlife and Sport Fish Restoration Program provides oversight and/or administrative support for grant programs such as the Wildlife Restoration Grant Program, Sport Fish Restoration Grant Program, Clean Vessel Act Grant Program, Boating Infrastructure Grant Program, State Wildlife Grant Program, Multistate Grant Program, and Landowner Incentive Grant Program amongst others. 

Wolf Creek National Fish Hatchery and Environmental Education Center
Wolf Creek National Fish Hatchery is one of the most recently constructed hatcheries in the federal hatchery system. This station currently produces approximately 1,000,000 rainbow, brown, and brook trout weighing 275,000 pounds annually. In cooperation with the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources, fish are stocked into 120 different public fishing waters in the state. Click here for more information on the education center including hours of operation or here to learn about volunteer opportunities

U.S. FOREST SERVICE
Aquatic Organism Passage Program
The Forest Service is recognized as a national leader in road crossing techniques that ensure aquatic organism passage, or the ability for fish and other aquatic creatures to move up or downstream under roads. The agency also assists in projects to allow for passage at irrigation diversions and small dams. Restoration work accomplished under this program occurs on forest highways, roads, and irrigation diversions in cooperation with state and county transportation agencies, landowners and a wide range of interest groups.

BioData Retrieval
The USGS BioData Retrieval system provides access to aquatic biological community and physical habitat data collected by USGS scientists from stream ecosystems across the nation. USGS scientists collect fish, aquatic macroinvertebrate, and algae-community samples and conduct stream physical habitat surveys. The system contains sample data that were collected and processed since 1991 using the protocols of the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA). As of 2010, the system has added data collected by USGS scientists using the procedures and protocols of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency National Rivers and Streams Assessment program (NRSA). 

Computational Design Tool for Evaluating the Stability of Large Wood Structures
Large logs are often placed in streams to benefit aquatic and riparian-dependent fish and wildlife as a part of stream restoration projects. When specifying the type of large wood structure to be used, restoration practitioners, planners, and local residents need to be assured that the constructed structures will likely remain in place under the expected conditions. To assist these professionals, this Excel spreadsheet tool was developed that applies computational equations and design guidelines to analyze virtually any proposed configuration of small-to-medium size structures.

Deeper Rivers
A Freshwaters Illustrated-Forest Service film series on the living waters of National Forests which includes The Last Dragons: Protecting Appalachia's Hellbenders (10 min)A Deeper Creek: The Watchable Waters of Appalachia (7 min); and Bringing Back the Brooks: Reviving the South's Trout (8 min).

FishXing
This software is intended to assist engineers, hydrologists, and fish biologists in the evaluation and design of culverts for fish passage. It is free and available for download.

Freshwater Snorkeling - Step by Step Guide
A step by step guide for establishing a freshwater snorkeling program. The guide covers funding, marketing, administration, event day information and more. 

National Inventory and Assessment Procedure for Identifying Barriers to Aquatic Organism Passage at Road Crossings
This inventory procedure is designed to be a nationally applicable, consistent method of identifying crossings that impede passage of aquatic organisms in or along streams. It is a how-to manual for approaching answers to two questions: “How and where does the road system restrict the migration and movement of aquatic organisms; what aquatic species are affected and to what extent?”

National Stream and Aquatic Ecology Center
The focus of the National Stream and Aquatic Ecology Center is on developing tools and science applications for the more effective management and conservation of watersheds, streams, riparian ecosystems, fisheries and aquatic ecosystems on National Forests and Grasslands. The Center's focus is on environmental flows and water resource management, watershed, stream, riparian, and aquatic habitat restoration, condition, trend, and effectiveness monitoring of watershed, channel, aquatic habitat, and riparian vegetation, technology development, transfer and application, and technical Support and Training.

National Water Census - Data Portal
At the National Water Census Data Portal you will find national estimates of water budget components for local watersheds, water withdrawal data for counties, tools to calculate statistics of daily streamflow records, modeled daily streamflow at ungaged stations, and access to records of aquatic biology observations.

StreamNotes
StreamNotes is an aquatic and riparian systems publication that has the objective of facilitating knowledge transfer from research and development to on-the-ground application, through technical articles, case studies, and news items. Stream related topics include hydrology, fluvial geomorphology, aquatic biology, riparian plant ecology, and climate change.

Stream Simulation Culvert Design and Performance: A USFS Perspective
Aquatic organism passage at road-stream crossings has been the subject of engineering, fisheries, hydrology, and wildlife specialists’ concern for many decades. This webinar will introduce the concept of stream simulation design and provide an overview of the components of assessment, design and construction of a stream simulation design road-crossing structure.

Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air, & Rare Plants Program
This program of the US Forest Service aims to 1) protect, sustain, and improve the water and watershed resources and services; 2) protect ecosystems by ensuring that proposed management activities promote conservation of biological diversity; 3) restore deteriorated ecosystems by ensuring their biological health, diversity, and productivity; 4) provide multiple benefits to people within the capabilities of ecosystems by enhancing ecosystem productivity, managing public access, and increasing environmental education; and 5) improve organizational effectiveness.

Water Availability Tool for Environmental Resources (WATER) - Kentucky
WATER was developed to provide a method of estimating streamflow, water availability, and other hydrologic information in un-gaged Kentucky basins. WATER incorporates and processes geospatial data to quantitatively describe topography, soil-water storage, climate, streamflow, and other parameters. WATER is also designed so that it can be expanded for other science and regulatory applications including, but not limited to, sediment and nutrient loads, evaluation of surface mining effects (Cumulative Hydrologic Impact Assessments), as well as flows that are necessary for ecological viability.

U.S. NATIONAL PARK SERVICE
Animals of the Big South Fork
Information regarding animal species in the Big South Fork, including fish and mussels

Animals of Cumberland Gap
Information regarding animal species in the Cumberland Gap National Historic Park, including amphibians and fish.

Animals of Fort Donelson
Information regarding animal species at the Fort Donelson National Battlefield, including amphibians andfish.

Animals of Natchez Trace
Information regarding animal species of Natchez Trace, including amphibians

Animals of Stones River National Battlefield
Information regarding animal species at Stones River National Battlefield, including amphibians and fish.

Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area Website
Encompassing 125,000 acres of the Cumberland Plateau, Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area protects the free-flowing Big South Fork of the Cumberland River and its tributaries. The area boasts miles of scenic gorges and sandstone bluffs, is rich with natural and historic features and has been developed to provide visitors with a wide range of outdoor recreational activities. 

Use this search tool to find park specific data including water quality, climate change, species, base cartography, and species occurrence and distribution

Cumberland Gap National Historic Park
At Cumberland Gap, the first great gateway to the west, follow the buffalo, the Native American, the longhunter, the pioneer... all traveled this route through the mountains into the wilderness of Kentucky. Modern day explorers and travelers stand in awe at this great gateway and the many miles of trails and scenic features found in the park.

Use this search tool to find park specific data including water quality, climate change, species, base cartography, and species occurrence and distribution

Cumberland Plateau River Prairies
This webpage provides information about a unique riparian vegetation type endemic to the Cumberland Plateau known as a river scour prairie. 

Fort Donelson National Battlefield Website
Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant was becoming quite famous as he wrote these words following the surrender of Confederate Fort Donelson on Sunday, February 16, 1862. The Union victory at Fort Donelson elated the North, and stunned the South. Within days of the surrender, Clarksville and Nashville would fall into Union hands. Grant and his troops had created a pathway to victory for the Union.

Use this search tool to find park specific data including water quality, climate change, species, base cartography, and species occurrence and distribution

Integrated Resource Management Applications
The IRMA Portal provides easy access to National Park Service applications that manage and deliver resource information to parks, partners and the public. The searchable portal includes resources related to data and documents, research in the parks, and species in the parks. 

Monitoring Freshwater Mussels and Cobblebars
This video is about the long-term monitoring of freshwater mussels & cobble bar plant communities conducted by the Appalachian Highlands Inventory & Monitoring Network at the Big South Fork National River & Recreation Area and the Obed Wild & Scenic River. Additional information on this work is available here: http://go.nps.gov/APHN.

Natural Resource Inventory
Data and resources on baseline water quality, climate, species, history and more all national parks across the Cumberland River Basin and in the United States. 

Needs in the Management of Native Freshwater Mussels in the National Park System
1998 report on needs of freshwater management of mussels within National Parks by Sue Jennings of Big South Fork National Recreation Area. 

NPSpecies
View, print, or download a checklist or more detailed species lists for a park.

Stones River National Battlefield
The Battle of Stones River began on the last day of 1862 and was one of the bloodiest conflicts of the Civil War. The battle produced important military and political gains for the Union, and it changed forever the people who lived and fought here.

Use this search tool to find park specific data including water quality, climate change, species, base cartography, and species occurrence and distribution

Water Quality Partnership - Big South Fork
This element of the National Water Quality Program empowers U.S. Geological Survey scientists and National Park Service resource managers to work in partnership to support a broad range of policy and management needs related to high-priority water-quality issues in national parks. In the Big South Fork, project work has included 1) 1999 - Develop Stream Flow Measurement Network; 2) 2002 - Effects of Oil and Gas Operations on Ground-Water Quality 3) 2004 - Restoration of Federally Listed Mussel Species and Water Quality Monitoring in Heavily Coal Mined Area; 4) 2015 - Determine Occurrence, Sources, and Potential for Biodegradation of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals in Protected-River Systems of the National Park Service Southeast Region; 5) 2006 Fate and transport of petroleum hydrocarbons in soil and ground water

State Resources - KEntucky

KY DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND WILDLIFE
79 Conservation Issues and Associated Actions
Conservation issues and mitigation actions related to siltation and turbidity, aquatic habitat degradation, point and non-point source pollution, and other threats. 

Action Plan to Respond to Climate Change in Kentucky
This climate change chapter of Kentucky’s Wildlife Action Plan is meant to be a stand-alone first step towards planning for and mitigating against negative impacts of climate change. As climate scientists develop local and regionally-specific models with higher degrees of certainty, this plan will be revised to focus on detailed, specific actions to safeguard Kentucky’s species and habitats of greatest conservation need.

Amphibian Resources
Information on types of species and maps for amphibians across the state of Kentucky. 

Asian Carp Information
KDFWR has been working with private fish processors, commercial fishermen, state and federal legislators, foreign businesses, and many local, state and federal agencies to foster interest in the removal of Asian carp. This webpage contains information and resources related to Asian carp identification and distribution and even includes resources for preparing and cooking Asian carp. The site also includes 2014 and 2015 annual reports to Congress on the threat and management of Asian carp. 

Conservation Areas
Conservation areas for musselsamphibianswetland birdsfish, and other species. 

Conservation and Management Plan for the Native Walleye of Kentucky
This conservation and management plan outlines strategies for conserving and enhancing existing native walleye populations in KY and for establishing other self-sustaining populations in suitable waters.

Fishing and Boating Guide 2016-2017
A guide with information on fishing and boating regulations,  obtaining licenses and permits, consumption advisories, identification guides, aquatic nuisance species, trouts stream, boat accident reporting and more. 

Fish and Lamprey Resources
Information on types of species and maps for fish and lamprey across the state of Kentucky. 

Habitat How-To's
The "Habitat How-To" documents below cover some of the more common habitat management practices when developing an overall farm plan. How-To's include guides for shallow water wetlands, streamside management, wildlife water holes, planting trees and shrubs and more. 

Habitat Improvement Program
To improve wildlife habitat, the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources works cooperatively with Kentucky's private landowners across the state. There are many opportunities to receive technical assistance and even financial assistance through a variety of programs. Funding for habitat improvement projects is dependent upon how the projects will benefit wildlife and comes from: 1) Business Conservation Partnerships - for any businesses, municipalities, churches, or other groups interested in improving habitat, reducing maintenance, and improving human relations; 2) the Forest Stewardship Program - for landowners with 10 or more acres who wish to work with both a wildlife biologist and a professional forester; 3) Backyard Wildlife Program - do-it-yourself help kit for properties smaller than 5 acres, for schools and outdoor classroom design, or for anyone interested in backyard wildlife enhancement. A nominal fee is charged for the kit.

Kentucky Geoportal
The Kentucky Geoportal is an award-winning data clearinghouse that provides easy and convenient ways to access and share geospatial data resources, including a great many water related geospatial datasets and data resources. Water related KY Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources datasets you can search for and find include: hunting and fishing access points and maps; blue water trails; boundaries of hunting areas including KY Wildlife Management Areas; conservation areas for bivalves; wetland birds, amphibians, and fish; and species richness bivalves and fish. 

Private Lands Biologists Map
A map with contact information for private lands biologists from the KY Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources from across the state of Kentucky. 

Research and Survey Needs by Taxonomic Class
Research and survey needs for fish and lampreys; mussels; crayfish, amphiphods and isopods; amphibians; and other aquatic species.  

Species of Greatest Conservation Need in Kentucky
A list of Kentucky's species of greatest conservation need including species common names, scientific names, and status. 

Sportfish Assessments
Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife biologists have developed techniques to assess the overall status of the major sport fisheries in lakes around the state. These assessments are used not only to give biologists an idea of the overall well being of the fishery in each water body, but they can also be used by anglers in planning their next fishing trip. For example, anglers can use the assessments to determine which lakes could result in good numbers of quality-size bass or where they might have the best chance of catching their next trophy.

Statewide Annual Fish Sampling Reports
Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources collects a variety of information on fish abundance, sizes and growth rates.  They also gather information on fishing effort and catch rates of recreational anglers from creel surveys as well as angler attitudes and concerns from questionnaires.  The yearly results from these studies are contained in our Annual Lakes and Tailwaters reports.  These are primarily scientific documents, but there is a wealth of information available in them concerning the fisheries of Kentucky.

State Wildlife Action Plan - KY
In order to receive funds through the Wildlife Conservation and Restoration Program and the State Wildlife Grants Program, Congress charged each state and territory with developing a wildlife action plan. These proactive plans, known technically as “comprehensive wildlife conservation strategies,” assess the health of each state’s wildlife and habitats, identify the problems they face, and outline the actions that are needed to conserve them over the long term. Kentucky's most recent plan was completed in 2013. 

State Wildlife Action Plan - Species Index
List of species links allowing users to perform a search of the complete Kentucky State Wildlife Action Pan, to see the species occurrence map, species account, guild accounts for the species, and taxonomic class descriptions. This includes species from the original 2005 plan and 2013 revision.

Trout Streams Program Classification Document
Information regarding KY's trout streams program and trout streams classification. 

Wildlife Diversity Program
The Wildlife Diversity Program works with wildlife species through research, management, and education. We strive to enhance wildlife diversity, and promote sustainable use of those resources including protection of threatened and endangered species, species of greatest conservation need within Kentucky’s Wildlife Action Plan, their habitats and protection of sensitive areas. This webpage includes links to information on Kentucky's biodiversity including species of amphibians, fish, and freshwater mussels and snails. 

KY DIVISION OF FORESTRY
Forest Stewardship Program and Landowner Services
The Kentucky Forest Stewardship Program is a free program available to all private forestland owners who own forestland. The Division of Forestry can arrange for a forester, wildlife biologist, other natural resources professional or all of the above to meet with you to help prepare a customized forest stewardship plan based on your goals and objectives for your property. On the forest stewardship program application, you are asked to choose a first and a second priority of management. Choices include both fish and wildlife habitat and forest watershed improvement. If you choose these options resource professionals will meet with you to help you plan for improving the habitat or watershed value of your forest. 

KY GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Kentucky Geoportal
The Kentucky Geoportal is an award-winning data clearinghouse that provides easy and convenient ways to access and share geospatial data resources, including a great many water related geospatial datasets and data resources. KY Geological Survey / water related datasets you can search for and find include: oil and gas well locations; Class I and Class II disposal and injection wells; groundwater quality; water well and spring locations and data; and karst potential. 

Probabilistic Monitoring
Using macroinvertebrates, streams are assessed randomly within each basin to project the use support of the watershed.

Reference Reach Monitoring
The Reference Reach Program collects and summarizes data from least-disturbed streams using a regional framework in order to develop appropriate criteria for bioassessment interpretation.

Sediment Monitoring
The Division of Water monitors the quality of stream sediments to gain an overall understanding of the background conditions of sediments in wadeable streams and identify areas where concentrations of pollutants in sediments are elevated from background or historic records. 

Special Use Waters
KY Division of Waters Special Waters Database includes tool for searching for waters designated as Cold Water Aquatic HabitatsOutstanding National Resource WatersExceptional WatersReference Reach StreamsOutstanding State Resource WatersState Wild RiversFederally Designated Wild Rivers, and Federally Designated Scenic Rivers

Water Quality Monitoring Webpage
Information on the Division of Waters approach to monitoring. Includes resources on monitoring for biology, bacteria, fish tissue, and sediment. 

Watershed Biological Monitoring
This program collects and analyzes aquatic life for the assessment of water quality using fixed and variable sites within the watershed framework.

Watershed Watch
Since 1997, Watershed Watch in Kentucky has trained nearly 4,000 volunteers and currently has approximately 2,000 volunteers that continue to sample across the state. There are monitoring stations in Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and Tennessee.Volunteers are trained on how to take a qualified water sample that is analyzed by professional labs. They are also trained on how to perform basic water quality field data, consisting of dissolved oxygen, pH, temperature and conductivity. Volunteers can also be trained to perform biological and habitat assessments. Watershed Watch organizations in the Cumberland River Basin include the Upper Cumberland River Watershed Watch and the Four Rivers Watershed Watch. Data gathered across Kentucky can be viewed here

KY STATE NATURE PRESERVES COMMISSION
Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission Website
KSNPC creates, maintains and publishes a variety of publications on rare plants, animals and natural communities in Kentucky. This webpage houses these publications. The Commission's bookstore includes titles such as "An Illustrated Guide to Biodiversity," "A Distributional Atlas of Kentucky Fishes," "Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Kentucky," and "A Guide to the Freshwater Mussels of Kentucky."

Maps and GIS Data
This webpage links visitors to KSNPC spatial datasets and maps. Resources include blackside dace streams GIS data, a Habitat Characterization Model for Federally Listed Plants in Kentucky map, a priority watersheds for conserving imperiled mussels and fish map, and a pre-settlement / present day land cover comparison map of Kentucky.  

Rare Plants Database
A database of rare plants across the state of Kentucky. This tool is searchable and provides lists of rare species by county. Also included on this webpage is a glossary of rare plant terms

Species and Community Reports
These reports include monitored rare and extirpated biota lists, monitored natural communities list, county reports, and monitored species with habitat and number of occurrences. 

Species Data Requests
Specific identification and location data for rare species and exemplary natural community occurrences can be provided when well-defined project areas are submitted for review. In addition, a list of rare species and exemplary natural community elements along with the number of occurrences of each element is also available for each county. This entire report is available online for download, orindividual counties can be accessed on this Web site (Species & Natural Community) Data on conservation lands is also available. 

Species Fact Sheets
Fact sheets for select plants, insects, trees, and invasive exotic plants.

State Nature Preserves
There are 14 State Nature Preserves (SNP) in the KY portion of the Cumberland River Basin. Natural Areas are protected not only to preserve KY's natural heritage, but also in recognition of the dependence of KY's well-being on healthy ecosystems. Click here for a map of preserves across Kentucky. State Natural Areas in the basin are: Bissell Bluff SNPJohn B. Stephenson Memorial Forest SNPFrances Johnson Palk SNP, Archer-Benge SNP, Pine Mountain SNPCumberland Falls SNPMartins Fork SNPBlanton Forest SNPStone Mountain SNPJames E. Bickford SNPE. Lucy Braun SNPHi Lewis Pine Barrens SNPKingdom Come SNP, and Bad Branch SNP

State Resources - TENNESSEE

AUSTIN PEAY STATE UNIVERSITY
The Natural History and Vegetation of Tennessee's Palustrine Communities
Information about the natural history and vegetation of Tennessee's palustrine systems, including herbaceous wetlands and forested and wooded wetlands

Natural History and Vegetation of Tennessee Project
There is currently no photographic and descriptive guide to the landscapes and natural communities of Tennessee that is available to scientists, land managers, conservationists, and students of ecology and related fields. The goal of this project is to prepare the first comprehensive classification of Tennessee's natural landscape and communities. This state-level classification is intended to compliment and enhance, not compete with, the existing NatureServe Ecological Systems Classification (http://explorer.natureserve.org) and the National Vegetation Classification (www.usnvc.org). 

Natural History and Vegetation of Tennessee's Riverine Systems
Information about the natural history and vegetation of Tennessee's riverine systems, including stream bottomsstream beds, and stream shores

TN DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
Mitigation Practices
This new chapter of the Environmental Procedures Manual describes procedures and guidance the Ecology staff will use to identify and mitigate the impacts roadway projects have on streams, wetlands, and endangered species. It serves as a reference for TDOT Ecology staff in preparing project planning documentation and assessments for resource agencies. It also serves as a reference for mitigation methods and design.

Procedures Manual – Updates
Revisions to the manual include the procedures that the Environmental Division should follow to incorporate environmental data into the project planning and development processes. The updates describe the process for identifying natural resource features, such as streams, springs, wetlands, and endangered or protected species, as well as the process for determining alternatives to minimize or avoid impacts. 

TN DIVISION OF NATURAL AREAS
Environmental Consultation Requests
The Division of Natural Areas answers questions and provides technical assistance pertaining to the status and distribution of state and federal concern plant and animal species, ecologically important sites, and conservation lands. 

Interactive Rare Species Database by County, Quadrangle, and Watershed Listings
The majority of lands in Tennessee have had no rare species surveys, and the lack of point-specific data can be misleading. Therefore, the Division of Natural Areas suggests reviewing and downloading generalized data through an interactive, searchable database in order to determine what kinds of resources occur in specific counties, watersheds, or physiographic regions. This tool allows users to search and download rare species data by County, Quadrangle, or HUC 12 Watershed.

List and Map of Natural Areas
The Division of Natural Areas manages 85 Natural Areas across the State. This webpage has a map showing the location of each Natural Area. Click here for pdf of map

TN DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES
Development of Regionally-Based Numeric Interpretations of Tennessee's Narrative Biological Integrity Criterion
This report contains guidance for interpretation of existing narrative biological criteria based on regional reference data. The report details macroinvertebrate monitoring at reference streams. The metric selection and assessment guidelines are discussed. 

Threatened and Endangered Species List
This lists the known threatened and endangered species including aquatic and semi-aquatic plants and aquatic animals in Tennessee. The list is subject to revision.

Water Withdrawal Registration Program
The Division of Water Resources collects information on the withdrawal and use of water within Tennessee. The information is used to identify water uses and resources that may require management at critical times, especially drought conditions. The purpose of the program is to protect the water resources of Tennessee from over-utilization. This webpage includes Groundwater 305b Water Quality Reports and the withdrawal videos 'Hollow Ground: The Land of Caves, Sinkholes and Springs' and 'Drops of Water in Oceans of Sand.'

TN WILDLIFE RESOURCES AGENCY
2016 Fishing Guide
TWRA's 2016 guide to fishing in Tennessee. Topics covered include license information, statewide limits and regulations, unwanted species on the move, reservoir and small impoundment regulations, safety, trout stocking schedules, contaminants in fish, fish identification, turtles, and more.

Amphibians of Tennessee
Resources on amphibians of TN including information about the TN Amphibian Monitoring ProgramFrogs of Tennessee, and Salamanders of Tennessee.

Angler's Guide to Tennessee Fish
To help identify angler's catches, the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency (TWRA) offers this convenient identification guide on nearly 100 species or subspecies, including aquatic nuisance species that are currently present in the state or may be found in the future. 

Angler Surveys
TWRA uses angler surveys to compliment fish community surveys. Angler surveys rely on fishermen to provide information about a fishery including, effort, catch, preferences, demographics, and economics. 

Aquatic Nuisance Species Management Plan (2008)
The main focus of this management plan is to prevent introductions of new aquatic nuisance species. Prevention requires some regulations and a wide variety of communication and education efforts. Many, but not all, are described in this document. Prevention however, will only assist in reducing the number of new species entering Tennessee waters. Management and control of existing nuisance species must also be undertaken to limit their negative impacts. Strategies for management and control are also described.

Asian Carp in Tennessee
A document describing asian carp in TN, including where they are, what can be done, what is being done, proposed management and more. TWRA also has a video about the nuisance fish, the Silver Carp, which can be viewed here.

BITE Program
Bass clubs have an opportunity to help the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency monitor bass populations.  TWRA asks bass clubs and tournament organizations to share tournament results for all tournaments held on Tennessee reservoirs. Data will be recorded in the B.I.T.E. (Bass Information from Tournament Entries) program. State fisheries biologists use this information, along with other sampling data, to document trends in bass populations. 

Climate Change and Potential Impacts to Wildlife in Tennessee
This Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency report is a comprehensive review of the scientific literature on climate change and its expected impacts on fish and wildlife and the habitats that they occupy. TWRA also offers this related fact sheet

Commercial Industry
Information and resources for commercial fishers and mussel harvesters in the state of Tennessee.

Conservation Opportunity Areas Identified in the 2015 State Wildlife Action Plan
Conservation opportunity areas across the state including the following areas within the Cumberland River Basin: Cordell Hull Tailwater;East Highland RimInterior Low Plateau Cedar GladesMill Creek WatershedNorth Cumberland Plateau and MountainsPenny Royal Plains and Barrens; and Western Highland Rim Forests

Fish Community Surveys
TWRA reservoir biologists spend many hours each year monitoring sport fisheries and forage fish communities. Because looking at the entire population of fishes in a lake is virtually impossible, biologists must depend on sampling to get a snapshot of population status and make predictions about how it will look in the future. This webpage has information about different sampling methods used by biologists including electrofishing, gill netting, seining, trawling, as well as information about lab analysis work. 

Fishing Information and Identification
Resources for identifying and learning about fish in Tennessee. Resources include a Black Bass Identification Key, a Temperate Bass Identification Key, a Spawning Temperature Table, and Fish Pictures

Habitat Monitoring and Enhancement
TWRA biologists monitor fish habitat changes in reservoirs and work to maintain healthy habitat conditions. TWRA's habitat enhancement projects for reservoirs fall into several categories: shoreline stabilization, aquatic macrophyte establishment, and fish attractor construction. Each of these categories has different objectives, but all are aimed at maintaining current conditions or improving conditions for fish and fishing. 

Hatcheries
Information about TWRA hatcheries. TWRA operates one hatchery in the Cumberland River Basin in Springfield, TN

Spawning Temperatures
The table on this webpage lists the spawning temperatures of various fish species in Tennessee.

State Wildlife Action Plan Website
To ensure conservation programs funded by State Wildlife Grants are designed for maximum benefits to nongame wildlife, Congress mandated that all states must complete a detailed State Wildlife Action Plan by October 1, 2005. The SWAP addresses 8 elements required by Congress for each plan, including identifying species of greatest conservation need, their habitat, threats, conservation actions and more, and will be revised every 10 years. The primary goal of the SWAP will be to prevent wildlife from declining to the point of endangerment. The plan itself can be viewed here. Chapters can be viewed independently including: Overview of Tennessee and Approach to the State Wildlife Action PlanTennessee State Accomplishments under the 2005 SWAPSpecies of Greatest Conservation Need and Priority HabitatsProblems Affecting Species and HabitatsConservation Strategies and ActionsMonitoring for Results and Adaptive Management and others. The 2005 SWAP can be viewed here. 

Tennessee's Watchable Wildlife Program
A website with information about TN's birdsmammalsamphibiansreptiles, and insects. The site includes lists of the best places for wildlife viewing in TN, educational tools, and more. 

Threatened and Endangered Species in Tennessee
A list of threatened and endangered species in Tennessee.

Wildlife in Need of Management
Species considered in need of management within Tennessee. 

Wildlife Viewing Opportunities in Tennessee's Wildlife Management Areas
A list and corresponding map of wildlife viewing opportunities in WMA's across the state. Highlighted Cumberland River Basin WMA's include Shelton Ferry, Cheatham Lake, Edgar Evins, Bark Camp Barrens, Bridgestone-Firestone Centennial Wilderness, The Boils, Jackson Swamp, and North Cumberlands WMA. 

U.T. WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH CENTER
Tennessee Yardstick Workbook
The 2009 Tennessee Yardstick Workbook shows you how to create attractive and healthy yards by working with Tennessee's environment rather than against it. Topics covered include 'using water efficiently,' 'reducing stormwater runoff and its pollutants,' 'protecting waters edge,' 'providing for wildlife,' and more.

U.T. EXTENSION
Native Plants for Tennessee
Tennessee Smart Yards provides a comprehensive listing of Tennessee native plants that are available commercially. This site helps you select native plants for use in your yard. In addition, the site has a list of TN native rain garden plants

U.T. MUNICIPAL TECHNICAL ADVISORY SERVICE
Monitoring Guideline Worksheets and Requirements
Monitoring guideline worksheets for macroinvertebrates and pathogens as well as minimum monitoring requirements for NPDES MS4 program effectiveness and compliance.

Non-GOvermental Organization Resources

CUMBERLAND RIVER COMPACT
Creek Critters
Creek Critters is an interactive educational program for elementary school students, where we bring the creek to you! The goal of our Creek Critters program is to get kids interested in science and in our precious water resources at a young age.

River Talks
Starting in April 2014, the Cumberland River Compact began hosting River Talks: An Educational Series at the Cumberland River Center.  River Talks encompasses five different lecture and event series spanning a wide range of topics, from history to environmental policy and more.

Stormwater Management Retrofits
Because our understanding of urban water pollution and stormwater management is always improving, the Compact embraces opportunities implement state of the art technologies. Most recently a Compact project redesigned a Nashville Zoo detention pond with native species, berms designed to maximize infiltration, flow velocity control structures and a layered use of space that will soon accommodate a grazing elk exhibit.  This retrofit of existing stormwater management provided the engineering community with examples of environmentally progressive practices for preventing urban water pollution and restoring the health of our urban streams for people and for nature.

CONSERVATION FISHERIES, INC.
Fish 
A list of fish that Conservation Fisheries has worked with over the years. Visitors to the site can click species names to learn more about these fish. 

Southern Appalachia: Pinnacle of Biodiversity
Freshwater fish diversity in the Southeast is unrivaled in the Temperate World. Our streambeds harbor many species of freshwater fish, mussels, salamanders, crayfish, and aquatic insects, many of which aren't found anywhere else. This page includes links to learn more about select species, as well as aquatic macroinvertebratesnon-game freshwater fish,freshwater mussels, and more. 

HARPETH CONSERVANCY
About the Watershed
Basic information about the Harpeth River Watershed including natural features, archaeological and historic significance, and water quality challenges. This page includes a map of the Harpeth River Watershed, watershed species information, Harpeth River water quality information, and more. 

Benthic Macroinvertebrates
Information about benthic macroinvertebrates and how they serve as indications of water quality. This webpage also links visitors to picture guides of macroinvertebrates. 

Invasive Plants
Information about invasive plant identification and maintenance in the Harpeth River Watershed including privet, Japanese honeysuckle, kudzu, and Japanese Stiltgrass. The site links visitors to additional information on other invasive plants and control recommendations from the TN extension service here

Lowhead Dam Removal Project
The Eastern Flank Canoe Access was a part of the Harpeth River Restoration Project that included the removal of the lowhead dam during the summer of 2012.  More information about the project is available here including a time-lapse video of the dam coming down. Also available are pre dam removal (2011) and post dam removal (2015) fish community assessment studies conducted by TWRA. 

Macroinvertebrate Activity Pack
This HRWA macroinvertebrate activity packet assists you in conducting your own macroinvertebrate lesson. On site is a helpful macroinvertebrate key for identifying these animals, as well as a high school level lesson plan. HRWA provides in-person elementary to high school level educational opportunities at various times throughout the year. 

River Restoration and Wildlife Protection Program
The River Restoration & Wildlife Protection program coordinates and implements projects that restore streams, address stream bank erosion, and reduce pollution from runoff in urban, suburban, and rural areas. Example restoration projects are provided on this page including riparian zone restoration, tree planting, bank stabilization, rain gardens, and stream clean-ups. Links on this page provide information on cedar revetments for repairing stream banks, a rain garden and rain barrel page, recent projects and more. 

Threats to Biodiversity
A list of the major threats that are affecting the wildlife and environment of middle Tennessee. Dams, habitat loss from development, pollution, and soil erosion and degradation are highlighted. 

Wildlife
A wealth of resources on regarding wildlife in the Harpeth River. The site coversFishMammalsMusselsSnakesTurtlesBirdsBenthic Macroinvertebrates, and Threats to Biodiversity. HRWA also provides a useful macroinvertebrate key for identifying these animals. 

KY WATERWAYS ALLIANCE
Kentucky Aquatic Resource Fund (KARF)
KARF provides a way for multiple agencies and partners to contribute funding and other resources to conserve Kentucky’s best places. KWA’s role in the partnership is to act as the financial steward of the fund. The fund exists to ensure that all ill-effects to aquatic species are adequately addressed, and that real conservation and recovery benefits are provided. KARF supports voluntary land preservation agreements and has funds designated to match other grants or programs that support or match our goals. The fund will support much needed research, surveys, and monitoring of waterways and water quality along with stream and stream/riverbank area management. The funds will also support threatened species propagation and introductions throughout the state and promote habitat restoration and enhancement through the Best Management Practices installation.

Project Map
A state map showing KY Waterways Alliance projects across the state. A number of Cumberland River Basin projects are shown including Kentucky Aquatic Resource Fund Projects and Outstanding State Resource Waters and Exceptional Waters, which KWA has had a hand in protecting. Stars in the map indicate places where KWA has helped support local watershed groups eorts and worked on watershed plans. Water droplets represent a groundbreaking partnerships with US Fish and Wildlife Service to fund protection, restoration and study of threatened and endangered aquatic species in Kentucky. 

Rockcastle River Conservation Program
The Rockcastle River Conservation Program was formed to conserve land and species and enhance the overall quality of life around this special river. The Rockcastle has the cleanest water in the state of Kentucky. At the same time, the area is among the fastest growing areas in the state and millions of dollars are needed to conserve sensitive habitats before they are lost forever to development or mining. While the lower part of the Rockcastle River is protected because it is home to endangered species, the upper areas are still exposed and unprotected and face immediate threats, mainly from tourism and the prospect of a new I-66 interstate. Horse Lick Creek and Sinking Creek are special focus areas of the project. 

Watershed Guidebook
The Watershed Planning Guidebook for Kentucky Communities (2010), is a wonderful resource for watershed groups across the state.  The Guidebook is the result of a KWA project with the Kentucky Division of Water and stakeholders from four community watershed groups.  Sections of the guidebook include: Watershed BasicsChapter 1 – Getting StartedChapter 2 – Exploring Your Watershed (part I)Chapter 2 – Exploring Your Watershed (part II)Chapter 3 – Learning MoreChapter 4 – Analyzing ResultsChapter 5 – Finding SolutionsChapter 6 – Strategy for Success; and Chapter 7 – Making It Happen. These guidebook links provide links to a host of helpful watershed planning related resources.

MILL CREEK WATERSHED ASSOCIATION
Nashville Crayfish
This page includes information about the Nashville Crayfish — why it's special, its habitat needs, its discovery and more. 

THE NATURE CONSERVANCY OF KENTUCKY
Buck Creek Restoration Project
Information about the Conservancy's conservation efforts on the Pumphrey Tract within the Buck Creek Watershed. TNC has worked to conserve wildlife and protect a nearby cave system while fostering a sustainable, agriculture-based economy in the area. Since acquiring the tract in 2005, TNC has placed a WRP easement on 150 acres, sold 35 to Pulaski County, exchanged 40 acres with a local landowner for an easement on 86 acres, and planted approximately 30,000 native trees and shrubs. The area is home to over 30 species of mussels and 77 species of fish. 

Grand Rivers Corridor Work
The Grand Rivers Corridor encompasses more than 513,000 acres in the watersheds of the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers below their dams at Land Between the Lakes. Important systems in the area include aquatic assemblages of the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers, sloughs and emergent wetlands, bottomland forest, oak flatwoods, forested ravines, non-hydric oak savannah, native grasslands and xeric glade communities. Conservation targets for the area include rare or declining species listed above in glades, prairies, grasslands, wetlands, water, and karst areas and cave systems. 

Places We Protect
An interactive map and listing of places The Nature Conservancy protects in Kentucky. Within the Cumberland River Basin, The Nature Conservancy of Kentucky protects or has helped protect Primroy CreekPine Mountain-Mullins Preserve, and Bad Branch State Nature Preserve

Rockcastle River
Within the Rockcastle River Watershed, the Conservancy has helped protect more than 1,900 acres along Sinking Creek and Horse Lick Creek, tributaries to the Rockcastle River and areas targeted as priorities for acquisition within the Daniel Boone National Forest. Thanks to progress made in the watershed, the Rockcastle River boasts some of the cleanest waters in Kentucky – waters which support freshwater mussels including the federally-endangered Cumberland Bean and Cumberland Elktoe, and the globally-imperiled Little Wing Pearlymussel.

THE NATURE CONSERVANCY OF TENNESSEE
Brown's Mill Dam Removal
Information about the Brown's Mill Dam Removal project on the East Fork of the Stones River. 

Conservation Habitat Priorities Maps
These interactive maps were created in conjunction with the 2015 State Wildlife Plan. Maps include Aquatic Habitat Priorities and Associated Upstream Landscape PrioritiesPriorities Adjacent to Karst HabitatTerrestrial Habitat Priorities, and Combined Priorities for TN Terrestrial, Downstream Aquatic, and Adjacent Karst Habitats

Dam Removal in Nashville
Working with partners, TNC removed an unnecessary old dam on Sevenmile Creek in Nashville. More information is on this page as well as a slide show.

Download the Southeast Early Detection Network App
There are apps that make it easy for you to identify, map and care for trees, as well as report tree pests to officials. A new phone application to identify tree pests and diseases that could affect Tennessee’s trees is now available for public use. Download the Southeast Early Detection Network app at iTunes or Google Play.

Habitat Conservation Plan - Components
Information about the HCP's various components: Includes pages for: Covered activities within the Cumberland HCP, such as wastewater treatment plant development, waterbody crossings, bridge and culvert construction, water and sewer utility lines and more; Biological Goals and ObjectivesLimiting FactorsConservation Measures;Monitoring; and more. 

Habitat Conservation Plan - Covered Species
There are 16 rare, threatened, and endangered animal species listed as "covered species" in the Cumberland HCP. Covered species webpages include a photo gallery of species, information about additional rare species that benefit from the plan, as well as videos about cerulean warblers and hellbenders

Habitat Conservation Plan - Natural Resources
An overview of the natural resources of the planning area. These pages contain information about: 1)Relevant best management practices and conservation solutions such as riparian buffers, low impact development, and conservation; 2) Relevant area recreational resources; 3) Area forestsstreams and rivers, and caves and karst; 4) Area biology 5) Covered species in the HCP; 6) Species stressors.

Habitat Conservation Plan Website
The Cumberland Habitat Conservation Plan is a partnership that includes the City of Crossville and Cumberland County, universities, organizations, business owners, landowners, and other private citizens. These partners are working together to conserve the forests and waters of the Cumberland Plateau in Tennessee and provide for continued economic growth in the region. The plan is fully funded by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. A map of the planning area is here — Cumberland River Basin portions of the area include sections of the Caney Fork and Obey River. A brochure with general information about the plan is here, a species to benefit fact sheet is here, FAQs are answered here, information about events is here, and a newsletter is provided here

Healthy Trees, Healthy Tennessee
TNC - Tennessee's program to help communities fight invasive tree pests and maintain tree health. This webpage contains a variety of resources including information about this program and TN tree pests, educational materials about not moving firewood (including a video on the subject), a pest and pathogen fact sheetwallet card pest ids,hemlock protection information, training videos about TN's tree pests, links to TN's If Tree's Could Sing Program, and citizen science tools. 

Heat-Treated Firewood: How to Find and How to Sell 
Learn more about locations across Tennessee where you can buy heat-treated firewood, and how you can create and sell heat-treated firewood using firewood kilns. This webpage includes a link to an interactive map for where to buy firewood free of invasive pests that threaten our basin's forests.

Hemlocks and How to Save Them
Hemlocks in Tennessee are under attack by an invasive insect known as the hemlock woolly adelgid. Learn what you can do to help protect our hemlocks.

If Trees Could Sing
If Trees Could Sing is a Nature Conservancy program that brings together a diverse array of musical artists to talk about trees and their benefits for people.

Places We Protect
An interactive map and listing of places The Nature Conservancy protects in Tennessee. Within the Cumberland River Basin, The Nature Conservancy protects or has helped protect Gil and Johnston PreserveHubbard's CaveNorth Cumberland WMA and Frozen Head State ParkPogue CreekTaylor Hollow, and Washmorgan Hollow. This site includes a link to a timeline of Tennessee Milestones and an infographic summary of what the organization has accomplished in Tennessee.

Report a Pest
When you identify tree damage or notice an unusual tree pest, take a picture and note the location. Report your findings to officials in Tennessee by calling  (615) 837-5520 or emailing Protect.TNForests@tn.gov. You can also report online at: http://protecttnforests.org.

Watershed Approach Handbook: Improving Outcomes and Increasing Benefits Associated with Wetland and Stream Restoration and Protection Projects
This handbook demonstrates how using a watershed approach can help ensure that selection, design and siting of wetland and stream restoration and protection projects, including projects required by compensatory mitigation projects, also contribute to goals of improved water quality, increased flood mitigation, improved quality and quantity of habitat, and increases in other services and benefits.

RICHLAND CREEK WATERSHED ALLIANCE
Amphibian Study Report
The Richland Creek Watershed Alliance and Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency formed a study partnership in 2012 to monitor the Richland Creek ecosystem for amphibians. The scope of the study was prioritized for the species of Greatest Conservation Need (GCN)—Streamside Salamander, Ambystoma barbouri.  

Strategic Plan
An executive summary of Richland Creek's 2013 strategic plan, which outlines the organizations goals to renew riparian corridors, connect fish passage and freshwater channels, and protect ecosystems. 

RIVER NETWORK
Living Waters
A Benthic Macroinvertebrate Monitoring Manual.

SOUTHERN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW CENTER
Mountaintop Removal in Appalachia
SELC advocates for stronger protections for the rivers, streams and communities of Appalachia in areas that are impacted by Mountaintop Removal Mining. This page speaks to SELC's efforts and includes a link to this mountaintop removal fact sheet, which includes information about the threat mountaintop removal has on fish species in the Big South Fork.  

Protecting Public Lands on Tennessee's Cumberland Plateau
Tennessee's Cumberland Plateau is renowned for its expansive forests, rich aquatic life, and outstanding outdoor recreation. In years past, surface coal mining left a devastating environmental footprint on the plateau--clear cuts, polluted rivers, and unstable slopes. While parts of the region have shown signs of recovery, the threat of future mountaintop removal and similarly destructive forms of surface mining is ongoing. SELC has been engaged for several years in efforts to protect the Cumberland Plateau from the worst impacts of coal mining.

TENNESSEE ENVIRONMENTAL COUNCIL
Watershed Support Center
The Council’s Watershed Support Center takes challenges and turns them into opportunities for Tennessee rivers and streams and waterways and the wildlife and people who enjoy them.  Work includes: Planting trees to reforest the stream banks and planting live stakes to stabilize the soil and help improve water quality; installing rain gardens, rain gardens add beauty to the landscape and reduce flooding by allowing storm water to be absorbed by the plants and infiltrated into the ground; installing revetments (cedar timbers wrapped in coir mat) on to the eroded bank to prevent further deterioration of the stream bank; fish habitat restoration initiatives in the streams.