Energy Resource Library
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TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY
Environmental Stewardship at Gallatin
TVA employs watershed stewardship measures at its Gallatin plant related to water quality, coal ash storage, and groundwater.
Integrated Resource Plan and Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement
The 2015 Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) provides a direction for how TVA will meet the long-term energy needs of the Tennessee Valley region. This document and the associated Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement evaluate scenarios that could unfold over the next 20 years.The IRP discusses ways that TVA can meet future electricity demand economically while supporting TVA’s equally important mandates for environmental stewardship and economic development across the Valley.
The Environmental Impact Statement focuses on the potential impacts of the various IRP strategies more closely and in greater detail than do the environmental metrics presented in this IRP. The impacts of actions to implement the IRP, such as building and operating a new generating facility, will be the subject of action- and site-specific NEPA reviews.
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Hydraulic Fracturing Resources
This page houses a wealth of information and resources related to the practice of natural gas extraction / hydraulic fracturing.
This GIS dataset contains data on power plants, based on the Energy Information Administration's EIA-860 dataset and supplemented with data from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) compiled from various EPA programs.
RE-Powering America’s Land Initiative
This initiative identifies the renewable energy potential of current and formerly contaminated lands, landfills, and mine sites and provides other useful resources for communities, developers, industry, state and local governments or anyone interested in reusing these sites for renewable energy development.
RePowering Mapping and Screening Tools
EPA’s RE-Powering Mapper, a series of Google Earth KMZ files, makes it possible to view EPA's information about renewable energy potential on contaminated lands, landfills, and mine sites, alongside other information contained in Google Earth. Using screening criteria developed in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Lab, EPA has pre-screened over 80,000 sites for their renewable energy potential. As part of this effort, EPA collaborated with state agencies from California, Hawaii, Illinois, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia. This screening was performed in August 2015.
U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
Appalachian LCC Conservation Design Framework
Researchers identified five conservation design elements covering many critical ecological processes and patterns across the Appalachian LCC geography. These elements include large interconnected regions as well as broad landscapes that connect them. Small areas that are likely to contain larger ecological significance than their size would suggest were also mapped. Examples of aquatic and terrestrial conservation targets are provided that represent design elements. All of the elements are assessed in regards to the three major landscape level threats in the geography (climate change, energy development, and urbanization from housing density). Since cultural resources are an additional critical piece of conservation design in the Appalachians, a conceptual framework was developed for mapping these resources across the entire geography and will be integrated in a future iteration of the conservation design.
U.S. NATIONAL PARK SERVICE
Planning Documents - Big South Fork
Planning documents for the Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area. Documents include theGeneral Management Plan, and Oil and Gas Management Plan.
Water Quality Partnership - Big South Fork
This element of the National Water Quality Program empowers U.S. Geological Survey scientists and National Park Service resource managers to work in partnership to support a broad range of policy and management needs related to high-priority water-quality issues in national parks. In the Big South Fork, project work has included 1) 1999 - Develop Stream Flow Measurement Network; 2) 2002 - Effects of Oil and Gas Operations on Ground-Water Quality 3) 2004 - Restoration of Federally Listed Mussel Species and Water Quality Monitoring in Heavily Coal Mined Area; 4) 2015 - Determine Occurrence, Sources, and Potential for Biodegradation of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals in Protected-River Systems of the National Park Service Southeast Region; 5) 2006 Fate and transport of petroleum hydrocarbons in soil and ground water.
State Resources - KENTUCKY
KY DIVISION OF WATER
Kentucky Division of Water Hotline
For environmental emergencies such as spills of gas, oil or other substances, contact the Environmental Response Team: 502-564-2380 or 1-800-928-2380
KY GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Geologic Map Information Service
This internet map service provides geologic maps and related information compiled by the Kentucky Geological Survey. You can create a custom layout for your map using the Map Layers tab and save that map for later viewing with a bookmark function. Water related layers include: core boreholes, oil and gas wells; geologic maps and formations; karst sinkholes; and water wells and springs.
Oil and Gas Fact Sheet
Basic information about oil and natural gas resources in Kentucky.
Oil and Gas Webpages
Webpages with general information about oil and natural gas, production, resources, and more.
Oil and Natural Gas Resources Webpage
A webpage with a collection of research, maps, and basic information about oil and natural gas in Kentucky. Links connect visitors to basic information about oil and natural gas, data, research, a searchable oil and gas well database and more.
Permitted Oil and Gas Wells Timeline Query Tool
A tool for seeing permitted O&G wells across the state and a timeline for seeing drilled well by permitted date.
Timeline of Oil and Gas History
A timeline of the development of the petroleum industry with emphasis on Kentucky.
NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION RESOURCES
APPALACHIAN MOUNTAIN ADVOCATES
Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining
Over the last 15 years, AMA have led the legal battle against mountaintop removal mining and have worked hard to prevent the coal industry from externalizing environmental and economic costs onto the public. Our settlements and court victories have led to hundreds of millions of dollars spent on cleaning up dirty streams and protecting public health, and more than $15 million devoted to land trusts.
Clean Water Enforcement
AMA keeps a close eye on water quality monitoring data from mine sites.
Bankrupt Coal Companies
AMA works on legacy issues from bankrupt coal companies.
Natural Gas Extraction
AMA works to quantify impacts of committing to natural gas infrastructure doing environmental reviews of pipeline proposals and representing private property owners rights impacted by pipelines /proposed pipelines.
Energy Development and Rivers
A variety of energy development related resources. Topics include: Hydropower: Is It Really "Clean Energy?",Hydropower and Climate Change, Mining's Toxic Legacy on Rivers, Fracking, Oil, and Gas Development, and Pipeline Failures and our Water Supplies.
Mountaintop Removal Maps
A variety of mountaintop removal maps.
KENTUCKY WATERWAYS ALLIANCE
Resources for understanding what fracking is and why the practice is a water quality concern. These pages link visitors to a general video from National Geographic and more detail about the hydraulic fracturing process from Marathon Oil.
Surface Coal Mining Impacts
Basic information about the impacts of surface coal mining on water quality, as well as a conductivity related petitionfiled by Earth Justice (and partners including KWA) requesting that the EPA to establish a conductivity water quality standard for waterways in the Appalachian coal mining region.
River Network provides an explanation of best management practices by the following topics: Managing urban runoff; Reducing farm and ranch pollution; Addressing industrial and other point sources; Improving sewage treatment; Increasing protection for drinking water sources; Tackling energy and mining pollution.
Tackling Energy and Mining Pollution
Best management practices for tacking energy and mining pollution. This page includes links to related resources such as The Connections Between Our Energy and Water by Union of Concerned Scientists, Understanding Hydropower and Reform Opportunities by Hydropower Reform Coalition, 1872 Mining Law Reform by Earthworks, A Primer on Hard Rock Mining by Safe Drinking Water Foundation, and Closing loopholes for fracking by Physicians for Social Responsibility.
SOUTHERN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW CENTER
Biomass Energy in the South
To help the South reap the promise of bioenergy without degrading its natural resources, SELC is calling for clear standards that restrict the use of whole trees and prevent the conversion of native forests into energy crops; keep national forests off-limits to biomass extraction, especially in the ecologically rich Southern Appalachians; and ensure protection of old growth forests, streams and wetlands, wildlife habitat, and other natural treasures. More information about this effort is available on this website.
Forestry Bioenergy in the Southeast United States: Implications for Wildlife Habitat and Biodiversity
The southeastern United States (SE U.S.) is currently experiencing what is likely the world’s most rapid growth in the development of woody biomass energy facilities. Expansion of this new industry is prompting wide-ranging discussion about opportunities and risks that biomass energy demands may pose for SE forest lands. This study, commissioned by the National Wildlife Federation and Southern Environmental Law Center with funds provided by Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, was developed to help inform and guide this emerging body of basic and applied forest research.
Fracking in the Southeast
While SELC supports cleaner alternative energy sources such as natural gas that will help move our region away from coal, we strongly object to the destructive ways natural gas is now being extracted—and to the lack of environmental oversight. Tennessee’s environmental agency has established oil and gas drilling regulations, but they do not go nearly far enough to protect water and wildlife. SELC’s continues to advocate for full disclosure of the chemicals and fracking fluids drilling companies will use, which is not required under federal law. This page also links visitors to a 'Hydrofracking Could Impact Water Supply for up to 3.2 Million People' map/graphic and a 'Shale Gas Potential' map.
Protecting Our Water and Health from Coal Ash
Nearly every major river in the Southeast has one or more lagoons on its banks holding slurries of coal ash from power plants. Containing hundreds of thousands of tons of toxin-laden waste, these pools are often unlined and have leaked arsenic, mercury, thallium, selenium, and other contaminants into the rivers and the underlying groundwater for years, if not decades. In Tennessee, SELC filed a lawsuit against Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) for coal ash at the Gallatin Plant polluting the Cumberland River, which provides drinking water for 1.2 million residents downstream. To help Southerners find out more about risks to their communities, SELC and its partners launched SoutheastCoalAsh.org, a website that provides an interactive map and database of 100 coal ash impoundments.
Protecting Public Lands on Tennessee's Cumberland Plateau
Tennessee's Cumberland Plateau is renowned for its expansive forests, rich aquatic life, and outstanding outdoor recreation. In years past, surface coal mining left a devastating environmental footprint on the plateau--clear cuts, polluted rivers, and unstable slopes. While parts of the region have shown signs of recovery, the threat of future mountaintop removal and similarly destructive forms of surface mining is ongoing. SELC has been engaged for several years in efforts to protect the Cumberland Plateau from the worst impacts of coal mining.
Retiring Outdated Coal Burning Plants
SELC works to steer the Southeast away from its heavy reliance on highly polluting coal, participating in utility planning processes and working with state utility commissions to promote the retirements of outdated coal plants. Since 2010, we have helped secured plans or legally binding commitments to retire 30% of the Southeastern coal plant fleet.
STATEWIDE ORGANIZATION FOR COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT
Coalitions and Alliances
SOCM is a member of a number of alliances including The Alliance for Appalachia, which works to stop mountaintop removal strip mining; the Citizens Coal Council, which inform, empower and work for and with communities affected by the mining, processing and use of coal; CLEAN (Citizens Lead for Energy Action Now, now known as American Clean Energy Agenda), which works on renewable energy alternatives, conservation and efficiency; and the Dogwood Alliance, which focuses on forestry issues in the south.
SOCM fights against social, economic, and environmental injustices. As a member-driven organization, the issues confronting communities in Tennessee have driven our work. We organize around several important issues in our state, including: Clean Water, Health and Environmental Effects of Extractive Processes (Mining, Fracking, etc), Bringing Green Collar Jobs to Tennessee, Solid Waste / Hazardous Waste, and more.