Groundwater Resource Library
NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE
Environmental Quality Incentives Program
EQIP provides financial and technical assistance to agricultural producers in order to address natural resource concerns and deliver environmental benefits such as improved water and air quality, conserved ground and surface water, reduced soil erosion and sedimentation or improved or created wildlife habitat.
TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY
Environmental Stewardship at Gallatin
TVA employs watershed stewardship measures at its Gallatin plant related to water quality, ash storage, and groundwater.
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Groundwater and Drinking Water Resources
This site is home to a great variety of groundwater and drinking water resources.
U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
North American Wetlands Conservation Act (NAWCA) Grants
NAWCA grants increase bird populations and wetland habitat, while supporting local economies and American traditions such as hunting, fishing, birdwatching, family farming, and cattle ranching. Wetlands protected by NAWCA provide valuable benefits such as flood control, reducing coastal erosion, improving water and air quality, and recharging ground water.
U.S. FOREST SERVICE
Forest Service Groundwater Program
The Forest Service Groundwater Program website is home to a number of publications on groundwater including: 1) Technical Guide to Managing Ground Water Resources; 2)Groundwater Dependent Ecosystem Level I Inventory Field Guide: Inventory Methods for Assessment and Planning; and 3) Groundwater Dependent Ecosystem Level II Inventory Field Guide: Inventory Methods for Project Design and Analysis.
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Active Groundwater Level Network
The Active Groundwater Level Network contains water levels and well information from thousands of wells that have been measured by the USGS or USGS cooperators at least once within the past 13 months. Only one site exists within the Cumberland River Basin. This site is also within the agency's Climate Response Network.
A collection of data and maps of the principal aquifers throughout the United States.
Gauges - Kentucky
USGS gauges for monitoring current conditions of surface water, precipitation, groundwater, and water quality, as well as lake and reservoir elevations in Kentucky. Historical gauge data also exists for streamflow, groundwater, and water quality, as do annual reports.
Gauges - Tennessee
USGS gauges for monitoring current conditions of surface water, precipitation, groundwater, and water quality, as well as lake and reservoir elevations in Tennessee. Historical gauge data also exists for streamflow, groundwater, and water quality, as do annual reports.
Groundwater Atlas of the United States
The USGS Groundwater Atlas of the United States describes the location, extent, and the geologic and hydrologic characteristics of the important aquifers of the nation.
Groundwater Availability in the United States
This report examines what is known about the Nation's ground-water availability and outlines a program of study by the U.S. Geological Survey Groundwater Resources Program to improve our understanding of groundwater availability in major aquifers across the Nation.
This booklet describes how groundwater occurs and how its quality is assessed.
These USGS webpages are home to resources and introductory information on groundwater level data, aquifers, water use, water quality, and more.
Groundwater Publications - USGS Tennessee
USGS' Tennessee Water Science Center has published a number of water-information reports on groundwater. From this Web page, you can locate, view, download, or order scientific and technical articles and reports as well as general interest publications such as booklets, fact sheets, pamphlets, and posters resulting from the research performed by USGS scientists and partners.
Groundwater Resources Program
The Groundwater Resources Program (GWRP) is one of eight Water Resources Investigations Programs funded by Congress to identify, measure, and assess the Nation’s water resources. The GWRP is the principal USGS Program for assessing issues related to groundwater resources at the regional scale.
Groundwater and Surface Water
Many natural processes and human activities affect the interactions of groundwater and surface water. The purpose of this report is to present our current understanding of the interaction of groundwater and surface water.
National Water Information System (NWIS)
The NWIS is the Nation's principal repository of water resources data. It includes data from more than 1.5 million sites, some in operation for more than 100 years. Data is available on streamflow, droughts, groundwater, and surface water quality and is searchable by state.
Sustainability of Ground-Water Resources
This publication illustrates the hydrologic, geologic, and ecological concepts that must be considered to assure the wise and sustainable use of our precious ground-water resources.
Water Science Center - Kentucky
This site is home to a variety of Kentucky specific water-resource information. It includes information regarding surface water, ground water, water quality, and many other topics.
Water Science Center - Tennessee
This site is home to a variety of Tennessee specific water-resource information. It includes information regarding surface water, ground water, water quality, and many other topics. The USGS operates the most extensive satellite network of stream-gaging stations in Tennessee, many of which support flood-warning systems.
Water Education Posters
Cartoon posters for grades K-12 on the subjects of wetlands, water use, wastewater, navigation, groundwater, coastal hazards, watersheds, water quality, and hazardous waste.
Water Resources Professional's Outreach Notebook; Ground Water, Grade Level 6-8
This notebook provides five lesson plans developed to help instructors and water resources professionals discuss the subject of ground water with students in grades 6-8.
What is Groundwater?
Basic information and explanations regarding groundwater from USGS.
U.S. NATIONAL PARK SERVICE
Water Quality Partnership - Big South Fork
This element of the National Water Quality Program empowers U.S. Geological Survey scientists and National Park Service resource managers to work in partnership to support a broad range of policy and management needs related to high-priority water-quality issues in national parks. In the Big South Fork, project work has included 1) 1999 - Develop Stream Flow Measurement Network; 2) 2002 - Effects of Oil and Gas Operations on Ground-Water Quality 3) 2004 - Restoration of Federally Listed Mussel Species and Water Quality Monitoring in Heavily Coal Mined Area; 4) 2015 - Determine Occurrence, Sources, and Potential for Biodegradation of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals in Protected-River Systems of the National Park Service Southeast Region; 5) 2006 Fate and transport of petroleum hydrocarbons in soil and ground water
U.S. OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT
Technical Innovation and Professional Services - Current Software List
This website provides links to a variety of softwares that can aid in water related mine reclamation work. Softwares are available relating to acid mine drainage, groundwater, well testing, water storage, and more.
STATE RESOURCES - KentuckY
KY DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES
The Kentucky Geoportal is an award-winning data clearinghouse that provides easy and convenient ways to access and share geospatial data resources, including a great many water related geospatial datasets and data resources. Water related KY Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources datasets you can search for and find include: hunting and fishing access points and maps; blue water trails; boundaries of hunting areas including KY Wildlife Management Areas; conservation areas for bivalves; wetland birds, amphibians, and fish; and species richness bivalves and fish.
KY DIVISION OF CONSERVATION
State Cost Share Program
The Kentucky Soil Erosion and Water Quality Cost Share Program and the Kentucky Soil Stewardship Program are financial and technical assistance programs created to help agricultural operations protect the soil and water resources of Kentucky and to implement their agriculture water quality plans. Water related practices eligible for cost share are agriculture and animal waste control facilities; streambank stabilization; animal waste utilization; vegetative filter strips; integrated crop management; pesticide containment; sinkhole protection; pasture and hay land forage quality; heavy use area protection; rotational grazing system establishment; water well protection; forest land and cropland erosion control systems; closure of agriculture waste impoundment; on-farm fallen animal composting; soil health management; precision nutrient management; strip intercropping system; livestock stream crossing and riparian area protection.
KY DIVISION OF MINE RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT
Cumulative Hydrologic Impact Assessment
The Division of Mine Permits is responsible for assessing the impact of an applicant’s proposed operation on the environment. A Cumulative Hydrologic Impact Assessment (CHIA) is conducted for each application. The data is organized by the watershed’s Hydrologic Unit Code (HUC), which is used to identify the unique watershed. The data may include surface water quality, benthic information, groundwater quality, water quality violations, pollutant discharge elimination information, mine history and information regarding pending mines. The files are organized by their HUC 12 watershed and are available for download.
KY DIVISION OF WATER
Basic information is on this webpage about groundwater concerns.
Groundwater Databases and Well Records
Water well and monitoring well construction records are submitted to the Watershed Management Branch by Kentucky Certified Water Well Drillers. Additionally, Department for Environmental Protection staff and staff from other agencies conduct inspections on reported, unreported and pre-law water wells, and springs. The information provided to Division of Water includes well or spring owner information; location information about these sites; and analytical data from samples collected after well installation, and during well inspections and spring inventories.
Groundwater Protection Planning
Groundwater protection planning information is available on this webpage. Groundwater Protection Plans are required by anyone in KY engaged in activities that have the potential to pollute groundwater.
Karst Hydrological Issues
Information and resources related to karst and water, such as spring inventory and dye tracing information.
The Kentucky Geoportal is an award-winning data clearinghouse that provides easy and convenient ways to access and share geospatial data resources, including a great many water related geospatial datasets and data resources. Division of water / water related datasets you can search for and find include KY Wild Rivers, TMDLs, floodplain permits, regulated dams, 305b water quality data, designated use waters, wellhead protection areas, combined sewer overflows, Municipal Separate Stormwater System (MS4) communities, groundwater monitoring wells, groundwater springs, state bioregions, Source Water Assessment and Protection Program data, permitted water withdrawals, priority watersheds, river mile points.
Kentucky Watershed Viewer
The Kentucky Watershed Viewer is an interactive map capable of displaying a large variety of water related spatial data. Data layers include: KY Pollution Discharge Elimination System permit holders, permitted water withdrawals, river mile points, karst dye trace sites and flows, KY Division of Water priority watersheds, Wildlife Management Areas, wellhead protection areas, watersheds, designated use waters, exceptional and reference reach waters, 305b data (water quality), and municipal separate storm sewer systems (MS4s).
Source Water Assistance Program
The Source Water Protection Assistance Program is designed to help communities pay for source water protection projects that will help prevent drinking water contamination. These funds, not to exceed $60,000 per project, are only available to public water systems (PWSs) or the entities they serve (e.g. towns, cities, counties, schools).
Wellhead Protection Program Website
Information on Kentucky's Wellhead Protection Program (WHPP). Kentucky's WHPP is coordinated by the Division of Water's Water Quantity Management Section. Regulations require that counties develop county or regional water supply plans that assess the quantity of water used by their public water systems and formulate protection plans for the source waters used by those systems. The WHPP is designed to assist those communities relying on groundwater as their source to develop groundwater protection strategies.
KY GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Geologic Map Information Service
This internet map service provides geologic maps and related information compiled by the Kentucky Geological Survey. You can create a custom layout for your map using the Map Layers tab and save that map for later viewing with a bookmark function. Water related layers include: core boreholes, oil and gas wells; geologic maps and formations; karst sinkholes; and water wells and springs.
Groundwater Data Repository
The Kentucky Groundwater Data Repository houses a variety of groundwater related data including: a searchable database of water well and spring records; a water well and spring location map; a searchable database of groundwater-quality data; graphical groundwater-quality comparison; a groundwater-quality data map service; and a karst potential index map service. The repository database currently contains information for over 92,000 water wells, 5,100 springs, and 50,000 suites of water-quality analyses (millions of individual analyte results).
Groundwater Quality Map - Interactive
An interactive map that allows you to view and query groundwater quality data.
Groundwater Quality Maps by Pollutant
Maps showing existence of groundwater pollutants across KY for manganese, iron, cadmium, mercury, selenium, pH, nitrate-nitrogen, and a number of other contaminants. This webpage also includes summaries of groundwater quality for the portions of the Cumberland River Basin that are found within Kentucky.
Groundwater Resources in Kentucky Counties
Groundwater information for every county across Kentucky.
Interagency Groundwater Monitoring Network
This website has information about the Kentucky Interagency Groundwater Monitoring Network, a long-term, interagency groundwater monitoring network to characterize the quality, quantity, and distribution of groundwater in Kentucky. The webpage includes a map of sampling sites and annual reports dating back to 1999.
Webpages with general information about karst, where it's located, groundwater in karst aquifers, flooding, vulnerability to pollution and more. Additional more technical resources are available such as KGS research on karst, a glossary of karst terms, and more.
The Kentucky Geoportal is an award-winning data clearinghouse that provides easy and convenient ways to access and share geospatial data resources, including a great many water related geospatial datasets and data resources. KY Geological Survey / water related datasets you can search for and find include: oil and gas well locations; Class I and Class II disposal and injection wells; groundwater quality; water well and spring locations and data; and karst potential.
Water Resources Section
The Water Resources Section conducts a variety of hydrogeological investigations and acts as a scientific-technical resource to assist the groundwater data needs of state and federal agencies, other KGS sections and UK research faculty, professional geoscientists and engineers, and the general public. This webpage contains information and contacts for different initiatives of the section including details regarding the following work: the Center for Disease Control Private Well Initiative; Inventory of Sinkholes and Sinkhole Occurrences; and Emerging Contaminants.
Well Water and Spring Locator Map
An interactive map that allows you to view and query water well and spring data.
State Resources - TenNessee
TN DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND CONSERVATION
Underground Storage Tank Remediation NPDES General Permit
Any individual who discharges groundwater associated with remediation of contaminated groundwater at an underground storage tank must obtain an NPDES permit for such discharge.
TN DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES
Enforcement Action Databases - TN Department of Environment and Conservation
A searchable database of TN Department of Environment and Conservation enforcement actions. Dataset includes orders and cases, respondents, and affiliated documents. Data can be organized via a number of parameters such as case number, site name, violation type, city, county, signed date, and more.
Guidance for What to Do with a Well After a Flood
This guidance is intended to assist well owners on precautions to take after a flood event submerges the top of the well casing.
Healthy Well Manual
This 2015 manual provides steps and resources for protecting your well or spring.
Licensed TN Well Drillers and Installers
A list of licensed well drillers and installers in Tennessee.
Permits Database - Division of Water Resources
A searchable database of Division of Water Resources permits. Data can be organized via a number of parameters such as permit number, site name, permit type, city, county, and issuance date, amongst other options. A separate database specifically for groundwater permits (septic) is also available. Permits may also be viewed in an interactive Division of Water Permits Map.
Source Water Assessment Program
The Source Water Assessment Program assesses the potential contamination of public water system ground water and surface water sources. This webpage includes links to TN's 2003 Source Water Assessment Report, a 2009 Protection of Potable Water Supplies in TN Watersheds report, and source water videos 'Protecting the Source' and 'True Source Water Stories.'
Underground Injection Well Information
Information about underground injection wells, drinking water, and public safety.
Water Resources Data and Map Viewers Website
The TN Department of Environment and Conservation makes data and map viewers available to the public on its website. This information comes from the same consolidated databases TDEC staff use to keep track of environmental regulatory activities, rosters and status. This website has a variety of data and map viewing tools. Permit related layers include: Aquatic Resource Alteration, Biosolids, Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations, Construction, Hydrostatic, Inter-Basin Water Transfer, Individual, Municipal Stormwater, Mining, Ready Mixed Concrete Facilities, State Operating Permits, Storm Water Multi-Sector Permits for Industrial Activities, Aquatic Herbicide/Pesticide, and Underground Storage Tank Remediation Discharge. Additional layers include: dams, water quality assessment, siltation impaired streams, habitat impaired streams, siltation impaired waterbodies, silt impaired drainages, Exceptional TN Waters, and MS4 Areas.
Water Withdrawal Registration Program
The Division of Water Resources collects information on the withdrawal and use of water within Tennessee. The information is used to identify water uses and resources that may require management at critical times, especially drought conditions. The purpose of the program is to protect the water resources of Tennessee from over-utilization. This webpage includes Groundwater 305b Water Quality Reports and the withdrawal videos 'Hollow Ground: The Land of Caves, Sinkholes and Springs' and 'Drops of Water in Oceans of Sand.'
Wellhead Protection Program
The Wellhead Protection Program was established to protect public water systems using ground water from contamination. This program has an emphasis on the prevention of ground water contamination due to the difficulty in cleaning up the contamination once it occurs. This webpage has information about the program, protecting wellheads, sources of groundwater contamination, potentially harmful components of common household products, and more.
Murfreesboro has made available dye tracing studies and other studies performed by the City. Studies include: Maney, VA Hospital, Bushman, Lufkin Springs; York, Garrison, Bushman, Black Fox Springs; Three Rivers, Barfield, Tuma Springs; Watersheds, Murfreesboro Urban Growth Boundary; Dry Weather E. Coli Spring Sampling; Professional Biological Sampling; 2015 Murfreesboro Dye Trace Report.
NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION RESOURCES
HARPETH RIVER WATERSHED ASSOCIATION
Sewage Treatment Plants
On this webpage HRWA explains why they believe their region needs a regional sewer and drinking water plan and provides wastewater recommendations. The site also provides a map of the Harpeth showing sewer treatment plants, drinking water plants, where contaminated groundwater is seeping into the river from the Egyptian Lacquer Plant, and where the river contains treated sewage or effluent.