Pathogens Resource Library
NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE
National Water Quality Initiative
NWQI is designed to help individual agricultural producers take actions to reduce the loss of sediment, nutrients and pathogens into waterways where water quality is a critical concern. The goal of NWQI is to implement conservation practices in sufficient quantity in a concentrated area so that agriculture no longer contributes to the impairment of water bodies within priority watersheds.
To achieve these goals, NRCS will work with landowners to implement conservation practices such as nutrient management, cover crops, conservation cropping systems, filter strips, terraces and buffers. The Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) funds this assistance, and in some cases, is leveraged by funds from local and state partners.
Within the Cumberland River Basin, all NWQI priority watersheds are at the HUC12 level and within the Collins River watershed. Priority watersheds are the Little Hickory Creek (051301070101), West Fork Hickory Creek watershed (051301070102), and Hickory Creek watershed (051301070103).
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit Program
Created in 1972 by the Clean Water Act, the NPDES permit program is authorized to state governments by EPA to perform many permitting, administrative, and enforcement aspects of the program. Program areas include Animal Feeding Operations, Industrial Wastewater, Municipal Wastewater, National Pretreatment, Pesticide Application,Stormwater, and Vessel Discharges.
U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
Clean Vessel Act Grant Program
The Clean Vessel Act Grant Program provides grant funds to the states, the District of Columbia and insular areas for the construction, renovation, operation, and maintenance of pumpout stations and waste reception facilities for recreational boaters and also for educational programs that inform boaters of the importance of proper disposal of their sewage.
Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service established the Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program to restore historic habitat types, which benefit native fishes and wildlife. Interested landowners in Tennessee andKentucky can receive technical advice and funding to do livestock exclusion fencing/alternate water supply construction, streambank stabilization; restoration of native Vegetation; wetland restoration/enhancement; riparian reforestation; and restoration of in-stream Aquatic Habitats. Projects must benefit Federal Trust Resources (threatened or endangered species, wetlands, migratory birds). Click the appropriate link for TN or KY above for program details for each state.
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Assessment of Pesticides, Nutrients, and Suspended Sediment of the Little River Basin, Kentucky
The purpose of this work is 1) develop and apply a multiple-source tracking approach to identify different sources(s) of pathogens, sediment and nitrogen that are exported to streams across land use and variable hydrologic conditions, and 2) provide insight into pathways to improve water quality for various parameters.This effort will also help guide effective restoration efforts primarily in the South Fork Little River subbasin.
Multiple-source tracking: Investigating sources of pathogens, nutrients, and sediment in the Upper Little River Basin, Kentucky, water years 2013–14
In this study, different approaches were used to identify potential sources of fecal-indicator bacteria (FIB), nitrate, and suspended sediment; to inform the TMDL process; and to aid in the implementation of effective watershed-management activities.
STATE RESOURCES - KY
KY DEPARTMENT FOR PUBLIC HEALTH
Local Health Department Listings
Contact information for county health department offices in Kentucky.
Onsite Wastewater Program
The Onsite Wastewater Program is administered through local health departments and begins with the use of onsite evaluations to determine if site and soil conditions are suitable for onsite wastewater systems. Certified inspectors perform site evaluations and inspections in Kentucky and certified installers must install systems unless a homeowner wishes to install his or her own system and obtains a homeowner’s permit. This program's website includes information for registering a complaint regarding a septic system, septic system installer or septic tank pumper, as well as homeowner tips for septic systems.
Septic Installer Training Opportunities
The Environmental Branch of the KY Department for Public Health offers training opportunities and has, at least previously offered septic installer training opportunities. More information may be found on this webpage.
KY DIVISION OF CONSERVATION
State Cost Share Program
The Kentucky Soil Erosion and Water Quality Cost Share Program and the Kentucky Soil Stewardship Program are financial and technical assistance programs created to help agricultural operations protect the soil and water resources of Kentucky and to implement their agriculture water quality plans. Water related practices eligible for cost share are agriculture and animal waste control facilities; streambank stabilization; animal waste utilization; vegetative filter strips; integrated crop management; pesticide containment; sinkhole protection; pasture and hay land forage quality; heavy use area protection; rotational grazing system establishment; water well protection; forest land and cropland erosion control systems; closure of agriculture waste impoundment; on-farm fallen animal composting; soil health management; precision nutrient management; strip intercropping system; livestock stream crossing and riparian area protection.
STATE RESOURCES - TENNESSEE
TN DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Agricultural Resources Conservation Fund
The ARCF provides cost-share assistance to Tennessee landowners to install Best Management Practices (BMPs) that reduce agricultural water pollution. A wide range of BMPs are available for cost-share, from those that curtail soil erosion to ones that help to remove pollutants from water runoff from agricultural operations. Landowners may be eligible to receive up to 75% of the cost of a BMP installation. Part of the fund is also available for educational projects which raise awareness of soil erosion/water quality problems and promote BMP use.
Nonpoint Source Program, EPA Section 319
To address nonpoint source pollution, Congress established the Nonpoint Source Program, funded by the US-EPA through Section 319 of the Clean Water Act. The Tennessee Department of Agriculture administers the Nonpoint Source Program in Tennessee on behalf of US-EPA. This program, created in 1987, provides funds to states, territories and Indian tribes for installing Best Management Practices to stop NPS pollution; providing training, education, and demonstrations; and monitoring water quality. This webpage has links to department of agriculture Watershed Coordinators, Nonpoint Source FAQs, NPS Success Stories, NPS Annual Report; and the 319 Management Program Document.
TN DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES
Bacteriological and Fishing Advisories in Tennessee
List of streams and reservoirs where fish consumption or human contact advisories have been issued.
Quality Systems Standard Operating Procedures for Stream Sampling, Surveys, and Monitoring
These document describes procedures for collecting chemical and bacteriological samples of surface waters; for undertakingMacroinvertebrate and Periphyton Stream Surveys; for monitoring wadeable streams (including design and stream characterization,macroinvertebrate and habitat, water chemistry, pathogens, and periphyton); streams below impoundments, and Inner Nashville Basin streams with an emphasis on nutrient and macroinvertebrate relationships.
Tennessee Ecoregion Project (1994-1999)
This report contains a detailed description of Tennessee's ecoregion delineation and reference stream monitoring project. The ecoregion report describes how subregions were defined and how reference streams were selected. The report includes descriptions of macroinvertebrate, bacteriological, and chemical monitoring as well as habitat assessment. Summaries of all data are provided.
TN WILDLIFE RESOURCES AGENCY
Clean Vessel Act Program
The Grant Program established by the Act is for the funding of the construction, renovation, operation, and maintenance of pumpout stations, dump stations, and pumpout vessels to service pleasure craft. The grant will reimburse recipients for up to 75% of the installed cost of pumpout and dump stations. This includes the cost of new equipment, or the renovation of existing equipment. The Clean Vessel Act grant funds are available to both the public and private sector. This includes all local governmental entities and private businesses that own and operate boating facilities that are open to the general public.
Marinas with Pumpout Station
A list of TN marinas with pumpout stations.
Rainwater: Your Liquid Asset A Home Stormwater Exercise
Information for helping homeowners what happens to stormwater on their property and how to mitigate stormwater pollution.
UTK MUNICIPAL TECHNICAL ADVISORY SERVICE
Monitoring Guideline Worksheets and Requirements
Monitoring guideline worksheets for macroinvertebrates and pathogens as well as minimum monitoring requirements for NPDES MS4 program effectiveness and compliance.
Stormwater BMP Toolkit - Municipal Housekeeping
This side provides a list of stormwater related good housekeeping resources. Resources include: Advanced Storage Technology - Salt Storage Product Information; Clean Water (National PTA); Cleaning Up Stormwater Runoff; Do's and Don'ts Around the Home; Inlet Etiquette; Lawn & Garden Fertilizers; Lawn & Garden Pesticides; Lawn Watering; Lawn Weed Control; Maintaining Your BMP- Guidebook for Private Owners; Maintaining Your Stormwater Management Structure; Managing Leaves and Yard Trimmings; Managing Your Household Waste; Environmental Guideline Document How to be Green and Stay in the Black; Pet Waste and Water Quality; Polluted Urban Runoff; Rethinking Yard Care Handout; Shoreline Plants and Landscaping; and Storm Sewers: Rivers Beneath Our Feet.
Stormwater BMP Toolkit - Illicit Discharges
This side provides a list of stormwater illicit discharge resources. Resources include: Car Care for Cleaner Water; Do's and Don'ts: Implementing a Successful Illicit Program; EPA - Pressure Wash/Power Wash Discharges; Wayne County (Mich.) Illicit Connection Program; Household Hazardous Waste Collection Center; North Hawthorne Street Household
Pipe Detectives Volunteer Program; Recycles-Spring Clean-Up for Area Watersheds; Storm Drain Markers; Stormwater Management for Homeowners; Understanding and Caring for Your Standard Septic Tank System; and Where Do I Take It?
Capacity Management Program
The concept of capacity management was developed by the Environmental Protection Agency in an effort to reduce sewer system overflows. The Capacity, Management, Operation & Maintenance Program or C.M.O.M., was established to help sewer system’s develop standard management, operations and maintenance activities that aid in preventing, finding and correcting system problems contributing to sewer overflows.
Fats, Oils and Grease Control Program
The purpose of the Fats, Oils and Grease Control Program, or F.O.G. is to prevent sewer system blockages, obstructions and overflows due to the contribution and accumulation of fats, oils and grease from food service establishments, commercial facilities and industrial facilities.
Sewer Rehabilitation Program
The goal of the Department’s Sewer Rehabilitation Program (SRP) is to investigate, identify and correct failing sewer infrastructure in order to increase system capacity and insure the life of its assets. This webpage provides additional information about the program.
Information about the Brentwood Sewer System including maps of the sewer basin and sewer service area and links to information about the grinder pump system, sewer rehabilitation program, and sewer system capacity. Click here to access Brentwood's Sewer System Master Plan.
Water Services Department
The City of Brentwood, TN Water Services Department’s web site. Here you’ll find information pertaining to daily operations, rules and regulations for constructing water and sewer facilities and public education.
Education and Outreach - Stormwater
This webpage offers residential tips to reduce stormwater pollution.
Murfreesboro has made available dye tracing studies and other studies performed by the City. Studies include: Maney, VA Hospital, Bushman, Lufkin Springs; York, Garrison, Bushman, Black Fox Springs; Three Rivers, Barfield, Tuma Springs; Watersheds, Murfreesboro Urban Growth Boundary; Dry Weather E. Coli Spring Sampling; Professional Biological Sampling; 2015 Murfreesboro Dye Trace Report.
Banner Displays Available for Checkout
Metro Water Services provides standing display banners for use at single-day or multi-day events. Banners include: Metro Water Services History, Clean Water Begins at Home, Garden Chemicals, Yard Waste Disposal, Sediment, Scoop the Poop, Storm Drains,Watersheds,Trash in Streams, and Oil and Vehicle Maintenance.
Clean Water Nashville Overflow Abatement Program
Clean Water Nashville is an initiative led by Metro Water Services in coordination with the EPA and the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation for the purpose of meeting the Clean Water Act requirements and, in the process, ensuring the environmental health of the Cumberland River and its tributaries for future generations. This website is home to a variety of information about the program and about combined sewer overflows. Additional general information about the program is here and a relevant history leading up the present is found here.
The legally binding document that represents the result of negotiations between EPA, the State of Tennessee, and MWS, specifying the activities and timetables required to address combined and separate sewer overflows in Metro Nashville.
Corrective Action Plan/Engineering Report
Metro Water Services' Corrective Action Plan / Engineering Report, which addresses conditions causing overflows in Nashville's sanitary sewer system. These sanitary sewer overflows, known as SSOs, have the potential to contribute to the impairment of Nashville's creeks, streams, and rivers and potentially pose a risk to public health.
Combined Sewer Area Map
A map of Nashville's Combined Sewer Area, including outfalls.
Long Term Control Plan
Metro Water Services' Long Term Control Plan which addresses conditions causing overflows from Nashville's combined sewer into the Cumberland River. These overflows contribute to impairment in the Cumberland River and potentially pose a risk to public health.
Overflow Abatement Program - Projects
A listing of overflow abatement related projects in Metro Nashville including a list of current projects, completed projects, and a map for finding a project near you.
Overflow Abatement Program - Resources
Resources includes public documents such as progress reports and annual reports, monthly regulatory reports, and technical documents such as the design management manual, technical specification document, Central Wastewater Treatment Plan Improvements documents, and others. From the program's resource page you can also link to Clean Water Nashville's program schedule, glossary,program designer FAQs, and additional resources.
Scoop the Poop
This webpage offers educational information about the importance of cleaning up after your pet. The site also offers an information flyer you can post round your neighborhood and a notice for your newsletter or blog.
NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION RESOURCES
CUMBERLAND RIVER COMPACT
Green Alley Project
The Cumberland River Compact’s Green Alley project is transforming alleys from asphalt stormwater conveyances that transport pollution to our most vulnerable streams into areas that percolate and clean polluted stormwater, thereby improving water quality throughout the city.
We work with the public to build rain gardens in yards, at schools, churches, parks, and businesses. Rain gardens can capture and percolate tens of thousands of gallons of stormwater a year. This prevents the transport of pollutants into our waterways. The Cumberland River Compact hosts classes, offers site visits, and organizes volunteer groups to build rain gardens. We have built close to 500 rain gardens in middle Tennessee. The Rain Gardens for NashvilleGuide is available from this webpage.
River Friendly Agriculture
Best management practices (BMPs), funding sources, and contacts for landowners to help protect our state’s precious water. This webpage provides links to an explanation of agricultural BMPs, resources for paying for BMPs,certifications for farms, and contacts who can offer technical advice. All of this information is available in pdf formhere.
Agricultural Best Management Practices
A list of 10 recommended best management practices for agricultural producers. Included are riparian buffers, no till, rotational grazing, cover crops, keeping cattle away from stream banks, getting soil and manure tests to determine proper application levels, ensure pesticide applicators are properly calibrated, and more.
Beneficial Conservation Practices for Farmers
This guide provides information about agricultural practices that help protect your soil and water while saving you money and preventing future problems from occurring. A list of conservation practices and benefits is provided, as are funding and support programs, and resources and support for cover crops, alternate water sources for livestock, rotational grazing, phosphorous in the environment, tree plantings and riparian zone restoration, and additional general information about water quality on farms and best management practices from TN's extension office.
TThese pages contain information about Harpeth River Watershed's concerns regarding the City of Franklin's plans for expanding it's drinking water plant and increasing withdrawals from the Harpeth.
This webpage provides an overview of HWRA efforts to restore the headwaters of the Harpeth using 319 grant funding. Efforts have focused on reducing nonpoint source stormwater pollution with exclusion fences, stabilizing feeding areas, and stabilizing streambanks.
Home and Garden Tips
These tips cover things you can do around the house and in your garden that will affect the health of rivers and streams. Suggestions cover conservation, household contaminants, nonpoint source pollution, oil and gas, environmentally safe products without chlorine and phosphate products and solvents. Links on this page take visitors to a printable River Smart Around the Home Tips Sheet and River Smart Gardening Tips Sheet, a video about where drinking water comes from, non toxic home cleaning products and tips, and information about where to recycle in Nashville.
Septic Tank Maintenance
HRWA's guidelines for maintaining your septic system.
Threats to Our Watershed
Information about the biggest threats to water quality in the Harpeth River Watershed. This page covers issues regarding development, sedimentation, the importance of water quality buffers, and nonpoint source pollution.
THE NATURE CONSERVANCY - KENTUCKY
Buck Creek Restoration Project
Information about the Conservancy's conservation efforts on the Pumphrey Tract within the Buck Creek Watershed. TNC has worked to conserve wildlife and protect a nearby cave system while fostering a sustainable, agriculture-based economy in the area. Since acquiring the tract in 2005, TNC has placed a WRP easement on 150 acres, sold 35 to Pulaski County, exchanged 40 acres with a local landowner for an easement on 86 acres, and planted approximately 30,000 native trees and shrubs. The area is home to over 30 species of mussels and 77 species of fish.
RED RIVER WATERSHED ASSOCIATION
This webpage provides an overview of the Red River Watershed and highlights water quality challenges in the region. The site also includes a link to a map of the watershed.
Improving Sewage Treatment
Best management practices for improving sewage treatment. This page includes links to related resources such as The Road Toward Smarter Nutrient Management in Municipal Water Treatment by The Johnson Foundation, Decentralized Wastewater Systems by Water Environment Research Foundation, Energy Efficiency Opportunities in Municipal Water and Wastewater Treatment Facilities by American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, Energy self sufficiency for wastewater treatment plants by Water Environment Research Foundation, Case Studies on Implementing Low-Cost modification to Improve Nutrient Reduction at Wastewater Treatment Plants by U.S. EPA, and Smart Sewering by Charles River Watershed Association.