Plan for a better future.

Participate in community planning efforts and advocate for relevant measures that improve or protect water quality. Write to your elected official and let them know this is concern or invite them to speak about the impairment with your home-owners association.


The resources and organizations below may be able to help you with this mitigation strategy or to learn more. 

Tip: To search for key words, try using your computer's "Find" tool. On a PC, press Ctrl + F. On a Mac, press Command + F. 



Natural Resources Conservation Service
Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations (WFPO) Program
This program provides technical and financial assistance to States, local governments and Tribes (project sponsors) to plan and implement authorized watershed project plans for the purpose of: watershed protection; flood mitigation; water quality improvements; soil erosion reduction; rural, municipal and industrial water supply; irrigation; water management; sediment control; fish and wildlife enhancement; and hydropower. 

Tags: Planning, Agricultural BMPs, Flood Mitigation, Erosion, Sedimentation, Water Supply, Financial Assistance, Conservation, Biodiversity

Watershed Surveys and Planning Program
The purpose of the program is to assist Federal, State, and local agencies and tribal governments to protect watersheds from damage caused by erosion, floodwater, and sediment and to conserve and develop water and land resources. Resource concerns addressed by the program include water quality, opportunities for water conservation, wetland and water storage capacity, agricultural drought problems, rural development, municipal and industrial water needs, upstream flood damages, and water needs for fish, wildlife, and forest-based industries.

Types of surveys and plans include watershed plans, river basin surveys and studies, flood hazard analyses, and flood plain management assistance. The focus of these plans is to identify solutions that use land treatment and nonstructural measures to solve resource problems.

Tags: Planning, Flood Mitigation, Wetlands, Erosion, Sedimentation, Water Supply, Financial Assistance, Conservation, Biodiversity

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Continuing Authorities Program

Congress has given the Corps of Engineers authority to plan, design, and construct small projects for flood risk management, emergency streambank and shoreline protection, ecosystem restoration, and navigation improvements without specific Congressional authorization.

Before the Federal Government can participate in implementing a project, the Nashville District must conduct a two phase study. The first phase is reconnaissance. This phase is used to make a preliminary determination whether there is federal interest in further studying the problem. The reconnaissance phase is completed upon the signing of a Feasibility Cost Sharing Agreement by the Nashville District and the cost-share sponsor. By signing the agreement, the second phase can be initiated, called a feasibility study. This study evaluates a wide range of alternatives and recommends the best solution from economic and environmental perspectives.

See also: Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration Program, Modification of Existing USACE Projects

Tags: Planning, Restoration, Flooding, Riparian Buffers, Wetlands

Flood Risk Management Program
The purpose of the Corps of Engineers' flood risk management program is to help prevent or reduce flood risk by using either structural or non-structural means or a combination of the two. Non-structural measures reduce flood damages without significantly altering the nature or extent of the flooding by changing the use of floodplains or by accommodating existing uses to the flood hazard. Non-structural measures include modifying homes, businesses, and other facilities to reduce flood damages by elevating the structure or removing them from the floodplain. Remaining land can be used for ecosystem restoration, outdoor recreation, or natural open space. Flood warning systems are also considered non-structural measures.

This program is within the broader Investigation Program, and initial Investigation Program steps must be completed before it can be initiated. 

See also: Investigation Program 

Tags: Restoration, Research, Flooding, Flood Buyouts, Recreation, Planning

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Building Local Partnerships Guidebook 

This short document explains why partnerships are a key to effective watershed management. Through a partnership different people and organizations work together to address common interests and concerns. 

Tags: Outreach, Planning

Financing Alternatives Comparison Tool (FACT)
FACT is a financial analysis tool that helps municipalities, utilities, and environmental organizations identify the most cost-effective method to fund a wastewater or drinking water management project. FACT produces a comprehensive analysis that compares financing options for these projects by incorporating financing, regulatory, and other important costs.

Tags: Tools, Wastewater, Water Supply, Planning

Getting in Step: A Guide to Effective Outreach in Your Watershed
This guidebook provides some of the tools watershed groups need to develop and implement an effective watershed outreach plan. If you're a watershed practitioner trained in the sciences, this manual will help you address public perceptions, promote management activities, and inform or motivate stakeholders. Related resources for this book include a 35 minute companion video of case studies and an online Web training tutorial. 

Tags: Outreach, Planning

Integrated Climate and Landscape Use Scenarios (ICLUS)
The EPA Integrated Climate and Land Use Scenarios (ICLUS) project develops scenarios broadly consistent with global-scale, peer-reviewed storylines of population growth and economic development. These scenarios are used by climate change modelers to develop projections of future climate. The site includes the EPA Land Use Scenarios Final Report and downloadable ICLUS Datasets. The ICLUS tool for ArcGIS is also available.

Tags: Climate Change, Planning

National Land Cover Datasets
The primary objective of the NLCD is to provide the Nation with nationally complete, current, consistent, and public domain information on the Nation's land cover. Land cover information is critical for local, state, and federal managers and officials to assist them with issues such as assessing ecosystem status and health, modeling nutrient and pesticide runoff, understanding spatial patterns of biodiversity, land use planning, deriving landscape pattern metrics, and developing land management policies.

Tags: Maps and Tools, Data, Water Quality, Stormwater Runoff, Nutrients, Pesticides, Planning, Biodiversity, Conservation

National Stormwater Calculator
EPA’s National Stormwater Calculator is a desktop application that estimates the annual amount of rainwater and frequency of runoff from a specific site anywhere in the United States (including Puerto Rico). Estimates are based on local soil conditions, land cover, and historic rainfall records.It is designed to be used by anyone interested in reducing runoff from a property, including site developers, landscape architects, urban planners, and homeowners. 

The Calculator accesses several national databases that provide soil, topography, rainfall, and evaporation information for the chosen site. The user supplies information about the site’s land cover and selects the types of low impact development (LID) controls they would like to use. The LID controls that the user can choose are the following seven green infrastructure practices: disconnection; rain harvesting; rain gardens; green roofs; street planters; infiltration basins; and porous pavement.

Tags: Stormwater, Planning, Development, Rain Gardens, Tools and Applications

Recovery Potential Screening Tools
RPS tools are designed for watershed comparison and priority setting. Statewide RPS Tools were developed for each of the lower 48 states and first issued in 2014. These Tools contain 200+ embedded indicators for all HUC12s that are wholly or partially within the state’s boundary. Many of the indicators are landscape characteristics derived from common GIS datasets, but other attributes such as selected impairment-specific data derived from field monitoring, are also included.

Tags: Planning, Conservation, Restoration, Prioritization, Software Tools and Models

ROE National Land Cover Dataset (NLCD)
This raster dataset comes from the National Land Cover Database (NLCD), 2011 version. It represents land cover across the contiguous 48 states, circa 2011. Each 30-meter-square pixel has been classified using a standard land cover classification scheme, and some of these categories have been aggregated further according to procedures outlined in EPA's Report on the Environment ( Data were originally processed and compiled by the Multi-Resolution Land Characteristics Consortium (MRLC), a U.S. federal inter-agency group, based on Landsat satellite imagery.

Tags: Maps and Tools, Data, Water Quality, Stormwater Runoff, Nutrients, Pesticides, Planning, Biodiversity, Conservation

Top Ten Watershed Lessons Learned
As with any change of this magnitude, there has been much trial and error when dealing with watershed issues, and important lessons have been learned that are worth sharing. Oftentimes, these lessons have been shared informally through networking at conferences, by phone, or over the Internet. Watershed Lessons Learned is EPA's attempt to identify the top lessons learned and present them in one place. 

Tags: Planning, Outreach

Watershed Approach: Technical Resources
More technical resources on this page can assist watershed projects, particularly those addressing nonpoint sources of pollution.

Tags: Planning, Nonpoint Source Pollution

Watershed Index Online (WSIO)
WSIO is a comparative analysis tool and data library that helps users compare watersheds in a user-defined geographic area, for a purpose of their choice, using the factors most relevant to their comparison.The library encompasses several hundred watershed characteristics measured on small-scale watersheds, HUC12, with an average area approximately 35 squares mies across the conterminous US.

Tags: Maps and Tools, Planning, Prioritization

Watershed Planning Builder and Guides
The Watershed Plan Builder enables the creation of a customized outline of a watershed plan. Additional guides and resources are available for helping communities, watershed organizations, state, local, tribal and federal environmental agencies develop and implement watershed plans to meet water quality standards and protect water resources.

Tags: Planning, Maps and Tools, Guides and Handbooks


U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Appalachian LCC Conservation Design Framework
Researchers identified five conservation design elements covering many critical ecological processes and patterns across the Appalachian LCC geography. These elements include large interconnected regions as well as broad landscapes that connect them. Small areas that are likely to contain larger ecological significance than their size would suggest were also mapped. Examples of aquatic and terrestrial conservation targets are provided that represent design elements. All of the elements are assessed in regards to the three major landscape level threats in the geography (climate change, energy development, and urbanization from housing density). Since cultural resources are an additional critical piece of conservation design in the Appalachians, a conceptual framework was developed for mapping these resources across the entire geography and will be integrated in a future iteration of the conservation design.

See also: Landscape Conservation Cooperative Network

Tags: Conservation, Aquatic Biology, Planning, Biodiversity, Climate Change, On the Horizon, Development, Energy

Ecosystem Benefits and Risks Website
The Appalachian LCC has collaborated with the US Forest Service to provide information and tools that fully integrate society’s value of ecosystems with future threats to better inform natural resource planning and management. Through links on this page, users can access information, maps, data, and additional resources brought together through this collaboration.

See also: Landscape Conservation Cooperative Network

Tags: Ecosystem Services, Planning, Green Infrastructure, On the Horizon, Future Threats, Maps and Tools, Data

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) Planning
HACCP planning is a management tool that provides a structured method to identify risks and focus procedures that is being successfully used in natural resource pathway activities. Understanding pathways and developing plans to reduce non-target species and prevent biological contamination from aquatic invasive species is necessary to avoid unintended spread of species.

Tags: Planning, Invasive Species, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity

iPac is a project planning tool which streamlines the US Fish and Wildlife Service's environmental review process. It allows users to see if any threatened or endangered species, critical habitat, migratory birds or other natural resources may be impacted by a project, explore the distribution of important biological resources, such as wetlands, National Wildlife Refuges, critical habitat, GAP land cover and more, input information about your project, and receive a list of conservation measures suggested by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.

Tags: Permits, Planning, Threatened and Endangered Species, Wetlands, Maps and Tools

Landscape Conservation Cooperative (LCC)
The nations 22 LCCs bring together federal, state, and local governments along with Tribes and First Nations, non-governmental organizations, universities, and interested public and private organizations. LCC partners work collaboratively to identify best practices, connect efforts, identify science gaps, and avoid duplication through conservation planning and design. The Appalachian LCC covers the entirety of the Cumberland River Basin, as well as additional area and it's website includes news, contacts, funding opportunities, resources, and more. 

Tags: Best Practices, Data Gaps, Conservation, Planning, Collaboration, Research

Predevelopment Consultation - TN Ecological Services Field Office
This Program provides early technical assistance to various entities who have applied for federal funds or will have to obtain a federal license or permit.  The purpose of the early coordination is to assist the applicant in determining if wetlands or federally endangeredor threatened species could be impacted by the proposed activity.  The intent is to provide early notification of potential issues before an applicant has committed significant resources toward specific plans or designs. 

Tags: Permits, Development, Planning, Threatened and Endangered Species, Wetlands, Technical Assistance


U.S. Forest Service
Forest Service Groundwater Program
The Forest Service Groundwater Program website is home to a number of publications on groundwater including: 1) Technical Guide to Managing Ground Water Resources; 2)Groundwater Dependent Ecosystem Level I Inventory Field Guide: Inventory Methods for Assessment and Planning; and 3) Groundwater Dependent Ecosystem Level II Inventory Field Guide: Inventory Methods for Project Design and Analysis.

Tags: Research, Education, Groundwater, Planning, Assessment, Guides, Technical Resources

i-Tree and i-Tree Hydro
iTree is a software suite from the USDA Forest Service that provides urban and rural forestry analysis and benefits assessment tools. The i-Tree Tools quantify the structure of trees and forests, and the environmental services that trees provide. Information regarding i-Tree workshops are available here

i-Tree Hydro is designed for users interested in watershed scale analyses of vegetation and impervious cover effects on hydrology. i-Tree Hydro simulates the effects of changes in tree and impervious cover characteristics within a defined watershed on stream flow and water quality. It was designed specifically to handle urban vegetation effects so urban natural resource managers and urban planners can quantify the impacts of changes in tree and impervious cover on local hydrology to aid in management and planning decisions.

Tags: Maps and Tools, Forests, Urban, Stormwater, Planning, Development, Landcover, Impervious, Models

Planning for Growth and Open Space Conservation Webinar Series
The Forest Service has made available 26 webinars on a variety of open space topics including Session 24: Integrating Water Strategies at the Urban Fringe and Session 11: An All Lands Approach to Ecosystem Services for Water.

Tags: Training, Conservation, Forests, Planning, Open Space, Urban, Ecosystem Services, Green Infrastructure

Watershed Condition Framework
The Forest Service's Watershed Condition Framework and the accompanying Watershed Condition Classification Technical Guide establish a consistent, comparable, and credible process for improving the health of watersheds on national forests and grasslands. This framework aims to focus our efforts in a consistent and accountable manner and facilitate new investments in watershed restoration that will provide economic and environmental benefits to local communities. The technical guide provided the protocol for the agency's first national assessment of watershed condition across all 193 million acres of National Forest System lands.

Tags: Research, Restoration, Planning, Prioritizing, Forests


US Geological Survey
Floods and Flood Plains
This easy-to-understand fact sheet describes why floods occur and discusses the basics about flood-plain designation.

Tags: Education, Floods, Floodplains, Planning, Conservation

National Map Small Scale Collection
The National Map offers a collection of small-scale datasets that can be downloaded for free. Although the 1997-2014 Edition of the National Atlas of the United States was retired in September 2014, The National Map recognizes the importance of continuing to make a collection of the small-scale datasets, originally developed for the National Atlas, available to users. Small-scale maps have an advantage over large-scale maps when there is a need to show a large area in a single view. This makes small-scale maps an ideal solution for scientists, decision-makers, and planners needing to provide a geographical context for the research projects. 

Tags: Maps and Tools, Planning

National Water Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA)
NAWQA is a USGS database that can help you answer three questions: 1) What is the condition of our Nation's streams, rivers, and ground water? 2) How are these conditions changing over time? 3) How do natural features and human activities affect these conditions, and where are those effects most pronounced?

Tags: Maps and Tools, Models, Data, Water Quality, Planning, On the Horizon

Science in Your Watershed Website
The purpose of this site is to help you find scientific information organized on a watershed basis. This information, coupled with observations and measurements made by the watershed groups, provides a powerful foundation for characterizing, assessing, analyzing, and maintaining the status and health of a watershed.

Tags: Education, Get Involved, Outreach, Monitoring, Planning, Watershed Stewardship, Learn


U.S. National Park Service
Planning Documents - Big South Fork
Planning documents for the Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area. Documents include theGeneral Management Plan, and Oil and Gas Management Plan

See also: Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area Website

Tags: Planning, Energy

Planning Documents - Cumberland Gap
Planning documents for the Cumberland Gap National Historic Park. Documents include the General Management Plan. 

See also: Cumberland Gap National Historic Park

Tags: Planning, Wastewater

Planning Documents - Fort Donelson National Battlefield
Planning documents for the Fort Donelson National Battlefield. Documents include the General Management Plan and others. 

See also: Fort Donelson National Battlefield Website

Tags: Planning

Planning Documents - Stones River National Battlefield
Planning documents for the Stones River National Battlefield. Documents include the General Management Plan and others. 

See also: Stones River National Battlefield Website

Tags: Planning



KY Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources
79 Conservation Issues and Associated Actions
Conservation issues and mitigation actions related to siltation and turbidity, aquatic habitat degradation, point and non-point source pollution, and other threats. 

See also: State Wildlife Action Plan

Tags: Plans and Reports, Conservation, Biodiversity, Aquatic Biology, Planning, Sediment, Turbidity, Habitat Degradation, Point and Nonpoint Source Pollution, Water Quality, Threatened and Endangered Species

Action Plan to Respond to Climate Change in Kentucky
This climate change chapter of Kentucky’s Wildlife Action Plan is meant to be a stand-alone first step towards planning for and mitigating against negative impacts of climate change. As climate scientists develop local and regionally-specific models with higher degrees of certainty, this plan will be revised to focus on detailed, specific actions to safeguard Kentucky’s species and habitats of greatest conservation need.

See also: State Wildlife Action Plan

Tags: Climate Change, Biodiversity, Plans and Reports, Planning, Aquatic Biology, Threatened and Endangered Species

Amphibian Resources
Information on types of species and maps for amphibians across the state of Kentucky. 

See also: State Wildlife Action Plan

Tags: Maps, Conservation, Biodiversity, Aquatic Biology, Planning,Threatened and Endangered Species

Fish and Lamprey Resources
Information on types of species and maps for fish and lamprey across the state of Kentucky. 

See also: State Wildlife Action Plan

Tags: Maps, Conservation, Biodiversity, Aquatic Biology, Planning,Threatened and Endangered Species

Research and Survey Needs by Taxonomic Class
Research and survey needs for fish and lampreys; mussels; crayfish, amphiphods and isopods; amphibians; and other aquatic species.  

See also: State Wildlife Action Plan

Tags: Plans and Reports, Conservation, Biodiversity, Aquatic Biology, Planning, Sediment, Turbidity, Habitat Degradation, Point and Nonpoint Source Pollution, Water Quality, Threatened and Endangered Species, Data Gaps, Research

State Wildlife Action Plan - KY
In order to receive funds through the Wildlife Conservation and Restoration Program and the State Wildlife Grants Program, Congress charged each state and territory with developing a wildlife action plan. These proactive plans, known technically as “comprehensive wildlife conservation strategies,” assess the health of each state’s wildlife and habitats, identify the problems they face, and outline the actions that are needed to conserve them over the long term. Kentucky's most recent plan was completed in 2013. 

Tags: Plans and Reports, Conservation, Biodiversity, Aquatic Biology, Planning, Climate Change, Threatened and Endangered Species, Trends, On the Horizon

Strategic Plan: FY 2015-2019
Information regarding the Department of Fish and Wildlife's 2015-2019 Strategic Plan. 

Tags: Plans and Reports, Planning, Conservation, Recreation


KY Division of Conservation
Conservation Links
The Division of Conservation compiled this list of links related to agriculture and conservation. Linked websites include UK's Forest Leadership Program, UK's tool for creating an Agriculture Water Quality Plan, and others. 

Tags: Additional Resources, Forestry, Conservation, Agricultural BMPs, Planning

KY Division of Water
Drinking Water State Revolving Fund
The Drinking Water State Revolving Fund is a 20-year loan program for planning, design and construction of drinking water infrastructure projects.  

Tags: Drinking Water, Public Supply, Grants and Resources, Planning

Groundwater Protection Planning
Groundwater protection planning information is available on this webpage. Groundwater Protection Plans are required by anyone in KY engaged in activities that have the potential to pollute groundwater. 

Tags: Groundwater, Planning

Watershed Management Framework
This document is a guide for ongoing coordination of water resource management activities by organizations throughout the state.

Tags: Planning

Watershed Planning Guidebook
This guidebook provides planning guidance to groups involved in watershed management efforts. It provides a step-by-step process that Kentucky communities may use to create an effective watershed plan.

Tags: Planning, Education, Watershed Management, Grants and Funding

Wellhead Protection Program Website 
Information on Kentucky's Wellhead Protection Program (WHPP). Kentucky's WHPP is coordinated by the Division of Water's Water Quantity Management Section. Regulations require that counties develop county or regional water supply plans that assess the quantity of water used by their public water systems and formulate protection plans for the source waters used by those systems. The WHPP is designed to assist those communities relying on groundwater as their source to develop groundwater protection strategies.

Tags: Groundwater, Planning, Wells, Public Supply, Drinking Water

KY Geological Survey
Generalized Geologic Data for Land-Use Planning in Kentucky Counties
These land-use planning maps are based on geologic and environmental analyses and are produced at a scale of either 1:48,000 or 1:63,360. Each map provides an interpretation of the local geology in nontechnical language and can be used by homeowners, developers, and planners.The maps provide information on how the underlying rock in an area affects excavation and foundations, on-site wastewater treatment systems, residential and industrial developments, highway and street development, and pond and reservoir construction. Photographs of sites in the area are used to illustrate the geologic discussion.

Tags: Planning, Geology, Septic, Wastewater, Sewers, Development



TN Department of Transportation
Manual for Management of Storm Water Discharges Associated with Construction Activities
This manual describes the current requirements of the TDEC General NPDES Permit for Discharges of Storm Water Associated with Construction Activities (Construction General Permit or CGP). Its focus is on field administration of TDOT construction projects to ensure that all phases of the work will comply with the requirements of the CGP. The manual discusses various materials and implementation methods for erosion prevention and sediment control (EPSC). 

See also: Statewide Stormwater Management Plan

Tags: Sediment, Erosion, Planning, Transportation, Development, Water Quality, Planning, Construction

Mitigation Practices
This new chapter of the Environmental Procedures Manual describes procedures and guidance the Ecology staff will use to identify and mitigate the impacts roadway projects have on streams, wetlands, and endangered species. It serves as a reference for TDOT Ecology staff in preparing project planning documentation and assessments for resource agencies. It also serves as a reference for mitigation methods and design.

See also: Statewide Stormwater Management Plan

Tags: Development, Planning, Transportation, Construction, Mitigation, Design, Wetlands, Threatened and Endangered Species, Guides, Studies and Reports

Procedures Manual – Updates
Revisions to the manual include the procedures that the Environmental Division should follow to incorporate environmental data into the project planning and development processes. The updates describe the process for identifying natural resource features, such as streams, springs, wetlands, and endangered or protected species, as well as the process for determining alternatives to minimize or avoid impacts. 

See also: Statewide Stormwater Management Plan

Tags: Guides, Studies and Reports, Development, Planning, Transportation, Construction, Mitigation, Design, Wetlands, Springs Threatened and Endangered Species

Procedures for Providing Offsite Waste and Borrow on TDOT Construction Projects
This manual defines the process that TDOT construction personnel and contractors must follow to use offsite waste and borrow areas exclusively for TDOT projects. This includes all offsite areas that are supplied by either the prime contractor or a sub contractor. Implementing a consistent process across the state will help ensure that offsite waste and borrow areas can be properly permitted, constructed and stabilized. 

See also: Statewide Stormwater Management Plan

Tags: Construction, Transportation, Planning

Program Rationale, Evaluations, and Recommendations for Erosion Prevention and Sediment Control Materials and Practices for TDOT Construction Projects
This report provides evaluation and recommendations on changes to the Environmental Division Procedures and Roadway Design, and sediment and erosion control practices for construction projects.

See also: Statewide Stormwater Management Plan

Tags: Sediment, Erosion, Planning, Transportation, Development, Water Quality, Planning

Statewide Stormwater Management Plan
The SSWMP outlines the steps TDOT will take to implement erosion prevention and sediment control materials and practices for TDOT construction projects. Information about the plan and key documents are housed on this website. 

Tags: Sediment, Erosion, Planning, Transportation, Development, Water Quality, Planning

TN Department of Agriculture
Nonpoint Source Program, EPA Section 319
To address nonpoint source pollution, Congress established the Nonpoint Source Program, funded by the US-EPA through Section 319 of the Clean Water Act. The Tennessee Department of Agriculture administers the Nonpoint Source Program in Tennessee on behalf of US-EPA.  This program, created in 1987, provides funds to states, territories and Indian tribes for installing Best Management Practices to stop NPS pollution; providing training, education, and demonstrations; and monitoring water quality. This webpage has links to department of agricultureWatershed CoordinatorsNonpoint Source FAQsNPS Success StoriesNPS Annual Report; and the 319 Management Program Document.

Tags: Grants and Funding, Best Management Practices, Water Quality, Education, Training, Demonstrations, Monitoring, Reports, Success Stories, Planning, Stormwater, NPS, Nonpoint Source Pollution, Urban, Agriculture, Nutrients, Sediment, Pathogens

TN Department of Environment and Conservation
Permanent Stormwater Management Training Website
The Permanent Stormwater Management Training website is available to design engineers and architects as well as plan reviewers and other local municipal program personnel. These courses and resources provide insights on avoidance and minimization approaches to site layout, design guidance on specific permanent stormwater control measures, and experience using tools developed to assist designers and plan reviewers with implementation of runoff reduction and pollutant removal requirements.

Tags: Stormwater, MS4s, Urban, Planning, Water Quality, Technical Assistance, Education, Training, Courses

Recreation Services Study
A survey was conducted of Parks and Recreation Departments across the State of Tennessee. The results include the services, salaries and inventories of local Parks and Recreation Departments to assist in future planning. 

Tags: Surveys, Planning, Reports, Recreation

Tennessee Greenways and Trails Plan (2008)
This Greenways and Trails Plan references numerous locations and organizations that have developed Greenways and Trails in innovative and creative ways. It focuses on the benefits of greenways and trails from economic, personal health, alternative transportation, recreation and environmental protection perspectives. The Plan also has two Appendices which provide additional information on Greenways and Trails. Appendix A is an overview of all types of trails both motorized and non-motorized. Appendix B is a four page list of federal, state, and local government agencies as well as numerous non-profit organizations that can assist with numerous trail related issues. 

Tags: Plans, Planning, Recreation, Greenways, Trails

TN Division of Forestry
20/20 Plan: Harvest Plan for Sustainable Forests
After more than a year in planning, the Division has developed and adopted a new forest regeneration plan that is designed to over time create healthier individual forests as well as a healthier system of forests.  The plan is aptly known as Plan 2020: Harvest Plan for Sustainable Forests.

Tags: Planning, Forestry, Sustainability, Best Management Practices

Forests Action Plan
It was a goal for this forest action plan not only to address national private forest conservation priorities, but also to be a useful tool to a wide range of organizations and individuals in Tennessee to address forest resource issues pertinent to this state. Where possible it compliments other state agency plans, such as the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency's State Wildlife Action Plan and Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation's Recreation Plan, with a particular focus tied to maintaining water quality and quantity. Links from this page take users to information regarding forest resource conditionsbenefits from forest resourcessustainabilityissues and strategies, and priority watersheds

Tags: Forestry, Water Quality, Water Quantity, Ecosystem Benefits, Plans, Planning, Sustainability, Prioritizations

Forest Planning Technical Assistance
The Division of Forestry has professional foresters stationed across the state who provide technical assistance. They have been specifically trained to collect information on resources and work with landowners to develop forest management plans. The primary program for providing technical assistance is the Forest Stewardship Program. TDF foresters conduct on the ground assessments to determine the condition of timber resources, forest health, cultural resources, wildlife habitat and water quality. Foresters then prepare a comprehensive forest management plan based on landowner objectives. Foresters also follow up with landowners to encourage the implementation of the plan. Group workshops and presentations, the division’s web site, and County Forestry Associations (CFA’s) are other forms of technical assistance coordinated through TDF. 

Tags: Technical Assistance, Forestry, Water Quality, Sustainability, Habitat, Best Management Practices

Urban and Community Forestry Program
The Urban & Community Forestry Program goal is to improve urban environments through planting and management of trees.  It promotes the establishment of urban forestry programs in cities and towns, assists them in developing self-sustaining urban and community forestry programs, and provides technical assistance. In addition to technical assistance, the urban forestry staff administers grants that help communities initiate or expand their local urban and forestry programs, and grants that help communities and non-profits plant trees on public land. 

Tags: Urban, Forestry, Technical Assistance, Grants and Funding, Planning

TN Division of Natural Areas
Environmental Consultation Requests
The Division of Natural Areas answers questions and provides technical assistance pertaining to the status and distribution of state and federal concern plant and animal species, ecologically important sites, and conservation lands. 

Tags: Technical Assistance, Biodiversity, Planning, Development, Aquatic Biology

Interactive Rare Species Database by County, Quadrangle, and Watershed Listings
The majority of lands in Tennessee have had no rare species surveys, and the lack of point-specific data can be misleading. Therefore, the Division of Natural Areas suggests reviewing and downloading generalized data through an interactive, searchable database in order to determine what kinds of resources occur in specific counties, watersheds, or physiographic regions. This tool allows users to search and download rare species data by County, Quadrangle, or HUC 12 Watershed.

Tags: Threatened and Endangered Species, Maps and Tools, Planning, Conservation, Development, Biodiversity, Aquatic Biology

TN Division of Water Resources
Clean Water State Revolving Fund Loan Program
Loans from this program are available for the Planning, Design, and Construction Phases of waste water facilities. The funds may be used for all three phases in any combination. Eligible projects include new construction or the upgrading/expansion of existing facilities and may encompass wastewater treatment plants, pump stations,force mains, collector sewers, interceptors, elimination of combined sewer overflows, and/or nonpoint source pollution remedies.

See also: State Revolving Fund Program

Tags: Planning, Wastewater, Grants and Funding, Combined Sewer Overflows, Nonpoint Source Pollution, NPS, Stormwater

Guidance for Developing Community Water System Drought Management Plans
This guidance is an effort to assist community water systems in developing drought management plans within the context of the state’s overall drought management plan (summarized below). 

See also: Drought Management Plan

Tags: Drought, Planning, Public Water, Water Supply

Regional Water Resources Planning Guidelines for Tennessee
These guidelines include recommended procedures for regional water resources planning that should be utilized in other regions across the state.

Tags: Public Supply, Planning, Guides, Drinking Water, Withdrawal

Tennessee Erosion and Sediment Control Handbook
This Erosion Prevention and Sediment Control Handbook has been designed to provide standardized and comprehensive erosion prevention and sediment control BMP’s for use throughout Tennessee. This handbook serves as the primary reference for the development and implementation of Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plans, as required per the Tennessee General NPDES Permit for Discharges Associated with Construction Activities and individual NPDES permits. 

Tags: Erosion, Sediment, Development, Stormwater, Construction, Planning, Best Management Practices

Water Resources Regional Planning
In late 2008, TDEC partnered with other regional planning experts to initiate a water resources planning pilot in two areas significantly impacted by the drought of 2007. One area, the North Central Tennessee region - including Sumner County, including Portland, Gallatin, Castalian Springs/Bethpage, White House and Westmoreland - is partially within the Cumberland River Basin.  This Web page includes planning study reports and overall guidelines for those interested in pursuing regional water resources planning in Tennessee.

Tags: Planning, Sustainable Development, Water Supply, Public Supply, On the Horizon, Plans and Reports, Drought

TN Wildlife Resources Agency
Conservation Opportunity Areas Identified in the 2015 State Wildlife Action Plan
Conservation opportunity areas across the state including the following areas within the Cumberland River Basin: Cordell Hull Tailwater;East Highland RimInterior Low Plateau Cedar GladesMill Creek WatershedNorth Cumberland Plateau and MountainsPenny Royal Plains and Barrens; and Western Highland Rim Forests

See also: State Wildlife Action Plan Webpage

Tags: Conservation, Planning, Biodiversity, Aquatic Biology, Threatened and Endangered Species

State Wildlife Action Plan Website
To ensure conservation programs funded by State Wildlife Grants are designed for maximum benefits to nongame wildlife, Congress mandated that all states must complete a detailed State Wildlife Action Plan by October 1, 2005. The SWAP addresses 8 elements required by Congress for each plan, including identifying species of greatest conservation need, their habitat, threats, conservation actions and more, and will be revised every 10 years. The primary goal of the SWAP will be to prevent wildlife from declining to the point of endangerment. The plan itself can be viewed here. Chapters can be viewed independently including: Overview of Tennessee and Approach to the State Wildlife Action PlanTennessee State Accomplishments under the 2005 SWAPSpecies of Greatest Conservation Need and Priority HabitatsProblems Affecting Species and HabitatsConservation Strategies and ActionsMonitoring for Results and Adaptive Management and others. The 2005 SWAP can be viewed here. 

Tags: Website, Plans, Reports, Biodiversity, Conservation, Threatened and Endangered Species, Aquatic Biology, Prioritization, Climate Change, On the Horizon, Planning

UT Water Research Resources Center
Guide to the Selection & Design of Stormwater Best Management Practices (2003)
This manual provides general guidance in developing and implementing postconstruction best management practices (BMPs) for both stormwater runoff quality and quantity (flow). Topics covered include non-structural practices such as: Comprehensive Planning; Zoning, Ordinances, and Codes; Landscaping and Vegetative Control Practices; Public Outreach and Education; Good Housekeeping; Urban Stormwater Pollution Prevention Planning; and Non-Stormwater Discharges to Storm Drains. Structural practices covered include basin ponds; constructed wetlands; infiltration systems; and filtering systems.  

Tags: Best Management Practices, Stormwater, Education, Technical Resources, Guide, Regulation, Policy, Outreach; Education; Rain Gardens, Urban; Structural Practices; Wetlands

Understanding Priorities, Activities, and Needs of Watershed Organizations in Tennessee (2009)
The purpose of this survey is to better understand the who, where, what, and how of local watershed organizations in Tennessee. That is, who are the active groups in Tennessee, where are they working, on what priority issues, and through which types of activities (how)? Furthermore, the survey aims to capture the organizational resources and needs of watershed groups in the state, identifying crucial areas toward which to direct capacity-building efforts. Part 1 of Needs AssessmentPart 2 of Needs Assessment. Final Report. 

Tags: Studies and Reports, Planning, Needs Assessment

Watershed Minor
UT has developed an interdisciplinary watershed minor for undergraduate and graduate students wishing to develop expanded skills in watershed science/engineering, planning and design, and culture and policy issues related to water. This minor is housed in the College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. It first became available as an option beginning with the Fall 2012 catalog.

Tags: Education, Planning, Regulation, Policy, Research

Web Resources
Web resources for water related: Federal Agencies and National OrganizationsRegional Agencies and Regional OrganizationsState of Tennessee Agencies and OrganizationsStormwater Programs in TennesseeWatershed Organizations Active within TennesseeState Trade Organizations.

Tags: Additional Resources, Contacts, Research, Education, Outreach, Planning

UT Extension
Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure (SPCC)
Basic information about Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) plans. Crop and livestock farms often use fuel and oil storage tanks to supply diesel fuel for on-farm equipment and to store used oil. Many agricultural producers don’t realize that a Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) plan is a regulatory requirement if certain conditions are met on their farm. In addition to the SPCC plan, these regulations will likely require farms to upgrade their storage facilities to prevent and control oil spills and to have a cleanup plan ready in case a spill occurs. University of Tennessee Extension publication W250, The Agricultural Producers' Comprehensive Guide to Federal Oil Pollution Prevention Guidelines, explains how these regulations apply to your farm and how you can develop and implement a SPCC plan. 

Tags: Guides, Oil, Planning, Plans, Education, Regulation, Policy, Agriculture, Best Management Practices

Strategic Business Plan
The UT Extension Service's Agriculture, Natural Resources and Community Economic Development Strategic Plan. 

Tags: Plans, Planning, Agriculture, Best Management Practices, Conservation, Research, Education

Watershed Restoration and Management Program
The UT Watershed Management program provides needed information to those working to protect our natural water resources and prevent nonpoint source pollution. See the program's planning model to understand how it is making a difference for Tennesseans. Resources are available for farmershomeownersteachers, and communities. The Watershed Restoration and Management Program'sresource library contains over 100 water related documents, plans, and pages. 

Tags: Education, Nonpoint Source Pollution, NPS, Agriculture, Planning, Plans



Nashville MPO
Building Resilience: A Climate Adaption Plan
In 2015, the Model Forest Policy Program, Cumberland River Compact, and the Nashville Area Metropolitan Planning Organization came together to create a climate adaptation plan for Davidson, Wilson, Williamson, Sumner, Rutherford, Robertson, and Maury Counties in Middle Tennessee. The Nashville Area MPO took a local leadership role to engage with the Climate Solutions University: Forest and Water Strategies program and lead the region toward climate resilience with an adaptation plan that addresses the local climate risks and fits local conditions and culture.

Tags: Plans, Planning, Climate Solutions University, On the Horizon, Climate Change, Forecasts, Trends

Cumberland Region GreenPrint
The GIS GreenPrint Tools for Quality Growth web-based publication fulfills the need for a regional GIS based decision making tool that can be used by local and state government planners to insure access to and knowledge of critical lands for conservation. The information in this report is intended to provide a better basis for decision making as projected impacts and costs of land use and transportation decisions are being made and land resource conservation priorities are included in local and regional plans.

Tags: GIS, Tools, Maps, Conservation, Prioritization, Transportation, Plans, Planning, Growth, Development, On the Horizon, Climate Change, Forecasts, Trends

Land Use & Development
The MPO has recently updated the business-as-usual scenario (a.k.a. trend model) to predict where people will live and work between now and 2035 for 10 counties in Middle Tennessee, including the 7 counties included in the MPO's planning area. The model's predictions take into account current land use policies, land development regulations, and each parcel's relative attractiveness to future growth.

Tags: Maps, Land Use, Growth, Development, On the Horizon, Plans, Planning

Greenways and Trails
Information about the City's system of greenways and trails. This webpage includes links to a Citywide Greenways and Trails Master Plan, information about the City's Long Range Planning efforts, a listing of parks with trails, and an interactive park and recreation finder map

Tags: Greenways and Trails, Maps and Tools, Plans, Planning, Recreation

Integrated Water Resources Planning
The Integrated Water Resources Planning (IWRP) project takes a holistic approach to managing water resources including drinking water, wastewater, reclaimed water and stormwater, along with their interaction and interrelation with the Harpeth River. The plan will provide the City of Franklin a “road map” for making investments to improve water resources with a focus on sustainability and consideration of regional goals and partnerships. This page includes the IWRP draft final report and appendicesHarpeth River FAQs, anIWRP fact sheetIWRP scope of work, and avideo about the IWRP Integrated Water Plan. Additional links guide visitors to the Phase 1 Final Report, information about stakeholder and public involvement, and additional facts regarding the Integrated Water Plan and the Harpeth River

Tags: Planning, Drinking Water, Wastewater, Public Supply, Stormwater, Flow, Hydrology, Sustainability, Plans, Reports, Media, Reclaimed Water

Stormwater Projects
A listing of the City's planned, under construction, and recently completed stormwater projects. Currently planned projects includeBattle Avenue Drainage Improvements and a Victoria Court / Ralston Creek Stream Restoration. Recently completed work includes aHarpeth River Restoration Project, a Maplewood/ Greenbranch Stream Restoration, and Stream Name Revisions

Tags: Stormwater, Planning, MS4, Runoff, Stream Restoration

Sustainability Commission
The City of Franklin has nine volunteers to serve as Commissioner’s on the city’s first Sustainability commission. The Commission will serve as a policy advisory board to the Board of Mayor and Aldermen in the development and initiation of programs that will enhance and promote economic development environmental health and social equity within our community for present and future generations. 

Tags: Sustainability, Urban Planning, On the Horizon

Engineering and Construction - Stormwater
Proposed land development or redevelopment in Murfreesboro submit site plans, subdivision plats, construction plans, and stormwater designs and calculations to the City’s Planning and Engineering Department. More information about these requirements, including plan reviews, permits, and the stormwater user fee, are available on this page. Links are also provided to post-construction stormwater quality standards and design manuals

Tags: Stormwater Fee, Construction, Plans, Development, Stormwater, Runoff, Planning, Permits, Regulation, Technical Assistance, Water Quality, Monitoring

Stormwater Quality Design
This webpage provides a variety of stormwater resources including Murfreesboro's stormwater quality standards andStormwater Ordinance, the City's Stormwater Planning and Low Impact Design Guide and Stormwater Controls Manual, and additional technical memoranda and design examples. 

Tags: Technical Assistance, Stormwater, Water Quality, Regulations, Planning, Plans, Stormwater Controls, Best Management Practices, Manuals, Design



Climate Solutions University
Adaptation Plans
Each community that participates in Climate Solutions University creates a climate adaptation plan. The adaptation plans are completed at the local level, using our refined, expert process (which is delivered online).

See also: Implementation Plans

Tags: Plans, Planning, Climate Change, Trends, On the Horizon, Forecasts

Building Resilience: A Climate Adaptation Plan (Draft)
This plan was developed by the Nashville Area Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) in collaboration with Climate Solutions University (CSU), the Cumberland River Compact, and the Model Forest Policy Program. The purpose of the document is to identify the primary climate and non-climate stressors facing the Middle Tennessee region and to propose solutions to address these risks. 

Tags: Plans, Planning, Climate Change, Trends, On the Horizon, Forecasts

Forest and Water Climate Adaptation: A Plan for Sumner County Tennessee
This document more comprehensively examines the impact of climate change upon Sumner County’s resources and economy and includes specific measures that will mitigate impacts upon forest and water resources. 

Tags: Plans, Planning, Climate Change, Trends, On the Horizon, Forecasts

Implementation Plans
Have you assessed your community’s climate risks and identified resilience goals? If so, Model Forest Policy Program’sClimate Solutions Implementation Project is ready to help you reach your climate adaptation goals. CSU has a variety of ways to support your implementation activities. Get ready to make real progress in building the resilience and capacity of your organization, staff, and community!

Tags: Plans, Planning, Climate Change, Trends, On the Horizon, Forecasts

An interactive map of communities and organizations with whom Climate Solutions University has worked or is working. Communities/Organizations in the Cumberland River Basin include the City of Cookeville and Putnam County, the Nashville Area Metropolitan Organization, and Sumner County. 

Tags: Climate Change, Planning, Plans, Maps and Tools

Kentucky Waterways Alliance
Project Map
A state map showing KY Waterways Alliance projects across the state. A number of Cumberland River Basin projects are shown including Kentucky Aquatic Resource Fund Projects and Outstanding State Resource Waters and Exceptional Waters, which KWA has had a hand in protecting. Stars in the map indicate places where KWA has helped support local watershed groups eorts and worked on watershed plans. Water droplets represent a groundbreaking partnerships with US Fish and Wildlife Service to fund protection, restoration and study of threatened and endangered aquatic species in Kentucky. 

Tags: Map, Threatened and Endangered, Plans, Planning, Biodiversity, Aquatic Biology

Watershed Guidebook
The Watershed Planning Guidebook for Kentucky Communities (2010), is a wonderful resource for watershed groups across the state.  The Guidebook is the result of a KWA project with the Kentucky Division of Water and stakeholders from four community watershed groups.  Sections of the guidebook include: Watershed BasicsChapter 1 – Getting StartedChapter 2 – Exploring Your Watershed (part I)Chapter 2 – Exploring Your Watershed (part II)Chapter 3 – Learning MoreChapter 4 – Analyzing ResultsChapter 5 – Finding SolutionsChapter 6 – Strategy for Success; and Chapter 7 – Making It Happen. These guidebook links provide links to a host of helpful watershed planning related resources.

Tags: Guides, Planning, Plans, Technical Resources

Rockcastle River Conservation Program
The Rockcastle River Conservation Program was formed to conserve land and species and enhance the overall quality of life around this special river. The Rockcastle has the cleanest water in the state of Kentucky. At the same time, the area is among the fastest growing areas in the state and millions of dollars are needed to conserve sensitive habitats before they are lost forever to development or mining. While the lower part of the Rockcastle River is protected because it is home to endangered species, the upper areas are still exposed and unprotected and face immediate threats, mainly from tourism and the prospect of a new I-66 interstate. Horse Lick Creek and Sinking Creek are special focus areas of the project. 

Tags: Development, On the Horizon, Trends, Planning, High Quality Stream, Threatened and Endangered, Mining, EcotourismRockcastle River Watershed

The Nature Conservancy - TN
Conservation Habitat Priorities Maps
These interactive maps were created in conjunction with the 2015 State Wildlife Plan. Maps include Aquatic Habitat Priorities and Associated Upstream Landscape PrioritiesPriorities Adjacent to Karst HabitatTerrestrial Habitat Priorities, and Combined Priorities for TN Terrestrial, Downstream Aquatic, and Adjacent Karst Habitats

See also: Habitat Conservation Plan

Tags: Maps and Tools, Conservation, Habitat, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity, Prioritizations, Planning, Plans

Land Trust for Tennessee
Beaman to Bells Bend Corridor Project
The Beaman Park to Bells Bend corridor project represents an unprecedented opportunity for Nashville and Davidson County to become a regional leader in rural conservation. This irreplaceable jewel could very easily be lost without careful planning. So far, The Land Trust has protected 445 acres through eight individual projects of the corridor with conservation easements.

Tags: Conservation, Agriculture, Forests, Planning, Prioritization

River Network
Tools For Protecting Your River
Citizens who organize on behalf of their hometown stream-or its entire watershed-take on important, rewarding work that will impact the stream and their community for years to come. This is River Networks Toolkit for Watershed Groups. 

Tags: Guides, Training, Technical Resource, Planning, Plans

Tracking TMDLs
A field guide for evaluating proposed watershed restoration plans.

Tags: Manuals, Technical Assistance, TMDLs, Water Quality, Plans, Planning

Southern Environmental Law Center
Drought in the South: Planning for a Water-Wise Future (2009)
A look at drought related issues facing the South and how to plan and prepare for them. 

Tags: Water Supply, Drought, Drinking Water, Public Supply, Conservation, On the Horizon, Forecasts, Trends, Threats, Planning, Reports

Smart Growth in the Southeast
The Southeast has been sprawling faster than any other part of the country; our region’s haphazard and inefficient development patterns and asphalt-centered transportation programs have increased fuel consumption and tailpipe pollution while leading to the rapid loss of farmland, natural areas, and open spaces. SELC’s experts are advocating smart growth policies at the state and local levels that will help make communities more desirable, sustainable, and economically competitive while reducing the cost to taxpayers to serve growth.

Tags: Sustainable Development, On the Horizon, Growth, Trends, Forecasts

Tennessee Environmental Council
Citizen Action Guide to Watershed Assessment and Restoration (2015)
This 2015 guide provides citizens with steps for putting sound science to work in their watershed. Interested person or organizations can contact TEC at if they would like to schedule a training workshop that covers these materials. Contents include the action guide for watershed assessment and restoration itself as well as the following appendices: Appendix 1 – Watershed Science and MappingAppendix 2 – Stream Assessment FinalAppendix 3 – Guide to Restoration Activities FinalAppendix 3.1 Tennessee Cedar RevetmentsAppendix 3.2 – Guidance for Riparian Buffer plantings TDOF 2014Appendix 3.3 Combined Rain Garden Workshop GuideAppendix 4 – Guidance for EducatorsAppendix 5 – Permits and Reporting Environmental Violations (TDEC)Appendix 6 – Watershed Restoration Plan GuidanceAppendix 7 CWA overviewAppendix 8 – Glossary Final.

Tags: Guides, Education, Stream Restoration, Monitoring, Assessment, Maps, Cedar Revetments, Riparian Buffers, Rain Gardens, Permits, Regulation, Policy, Planning, Glossary

Sustainable Tennessee
The goal of this program is to develop and implement a statewide Sustainability Agenda with the input of a broad coalition including citizens, conservation groups, environmental policy experts, elected officials, and representatives of private businesses, industry, and educational institutions. Throughout the year, TEC hosts community meetings to seek input across Tennessee where citizens have the opportunity to provide input.  The results of these sessions are incorporated into the Sustainability Agenda and Sustainable Tennessee Priorities documents

Tags: Sustainability, Coalitions, Groups, Public Outreach, Surveys, Prioritizations, Planning