Point Source Pollution Resource Library
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
BASINS (Better Assessment Science Integrating point & Non-point Sources) with Climate Assessment Tool (CAT) Add In
BASINS is a multi-purpose environmental analysis system that integrates geographical information system (GIS), watershed data, and environmental assessment and modeling tools into one convenient package. BASINS CAT provides flexible capabilities for creating climate change scenarios. BASINS CAT can be used to assess the coupled effects of climate and land-use change, and to guide the development of effective management responses.
The Compliance Dashboard shows trends in environmental compliance and enforcement for both surface waters and drinking waters across the US. The dashboards provide an easy-to-use summary of activities to answer questions like: which facilities are regulated, how many have been inspected or otherwise evaluated, and how many have alleged violations and have been subject to enforcement.
Environmental Justice Screening and Mapping Tool
EJSCREEN is an environmental justice mapping and screening tool that provides EPA with a nationally consistent dataset and approach for combining environmental and demographic indicators. EJSCREEN users choose a geographic area; the tool then provides demographic and environmental information for that area. All of the EJSCREEN indicators are publicly-available data. EJSCREEN simply provides a way to display this information and includes a method for combining environmental and demographic indicators into EJ indexes. Water related indicators include proximity to 'Risk Management Plan' sites, proximity to 'Treatment Storage and Disposal Facilities', proximity to 'National Priorities List' sites, and proximity to major direct water dischargers. Environmental justice indicators include 'Percent Low Income,' 'Percent Minority,' 'Less than Highschool Education,' 'Linguistic Education,' 'Individuals Under Age 5,' Individuals Over Age 64.'
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit Program
Created in 1972 by the Clean Water Act, the NPDES permit program is authorized to state governments by EPA to perform many permitting, administrative, and enforcement aspects of the program. Program areas include Animal Feeding Operations, Industrial Wastewater, Municipal Wastewater, National Pretreatment, Pesticide Application,Stormwater, and Vessel Discharges.
Watershed Assessment, Tracking & Environmental Results System (WATERS)
The data architecture of WATERS integrates information from various EPA water programs by linking it to the national surface water network. Using WATERS, environmental professionals and interested citizens can access comprehensive information about the quality of the nation's surface water. Available information includes but is not limited to designated use(s) of a waterbody; water quality monitoring results; assessments of water quality; causes and sources of impaired waters; and location of dischargers.
STATE RESOURCES - KENTUCKY
KY DEPARTMENT FO FISH AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES
79 Conservation Issues and Associated Actions
Conservation issues and mitigation actions related to siltation and turbidity, aquatic habitat degradation, point and non-point source pollution, and other threats.
Research and Survey Needs by Taxonomic Class
Research and survey needs for fish and lampreys; mussels; crayfish, amphiphods and isopods; amphibians; and other aquatic species.
KY DEPARTMENT OF MINE RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT
Cumulative Hydrologic Impact Assessment
The Division of Mine Permits is responsible for assessing the impact of an applicant’s proposed operation on the environment. A Cumulative Hydrologic Impact Assessment (CHIA) is conducted for each application. The data is organized by the watershed’s Hydrologic Unit Code (HUC), which is used to identify the unique watershed. The data may include surface water quality, benthic information, groundwater quality, water quality violations, pollutant discharge elimination information, mine history and information regarding pending mines. The files are organized by their HUC 12 watershed and are available for download.
KY DIVISION OF WATER
Kentucky Watershed Viewer
The Kentucky Watershed Viewer is an interactive map capable of displaying a large variety of water related spatial data. Data layers include: KY Pollution Discharge Elimination System permit holders, permitted water withdrawals, river mile points, karst dye trace sites and flows, KY Division of Water priority watersheds, Wildlife Management Areas, wellhead protection areas, watersheds, designated use waters, exceptional and reference reach waters, 305b data (water quality), and municipal separate storm sewer systems (MS4s).
STATE RESOURCES - TENNESSEE
TN DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND CONSERVATION
Discharges of Filter Backwash and Sedimentation Basin Washwater from Water
Any individual who discharges filter backwash and sedimentation basin washwater from water treatment plants to the waters of Tennessee must obtain an NPDES permit for such discharge.
Hydrostatic Test Water National Pollution Discharge Elimination System General Permit
Any individual who discharges hydrostatic test water to the waters of Tennessee must file for coverage under the Division of Water Resources General NPDES Permit for Discharges of Hydrostatic Test Water.
National Pollution Discharge Elimination System Permits General Permit for Application of Pesticides
Point source discharges of biological pesticides, and chemical pesticides that leave a residue into waters of the state were determined to be pollutants under the Clean Water Act.
National Pollution Discharge Elimination System Permits Program Website
Permitting program which addresses water pollution by regulating sources that discharge pollutants to waters of Tennessee.
National Pollution Discharge Elimination System Permits
Persons discharging pollutants directly from point sources into surface waters of the state must obtain an NPDES discharge permit from the Tennessee Division of Water Resources. This webpage contains more information and related resources.
See also: National Pollution Discharge Elimination System Permits Program Website
National Pollution Discharge Elimination System Stormwater Permitting Program
All programs under the NPDES Stormwater Program to include construction, industrial, Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4)and the Tennessee Qualifying Local Program (QLP).
Ready Mixed Concrete NPDES General Permit
The operator of a ready mix concrete facility with discharges of washwater, stormwater, or a no-discharge recycle system must file for coverage under the Division of Water Resources General NPDES Permit for Discharges of Storm Water Runoff and Process Waste Water Associated with Ready Mix Concrete Facilities.
Underground Storage Tank Remediation NPDES General Permit
Any individual who discharges groundwater associated with remediation of contaminated groundwater at an underground storage tank must obtain an NPDES permit for such discharge.
TN DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES
Enforcement Action Databases - TN Department of Environment and Conservation
A searchable database of TN Department of Environment and Conservation enforcement actions. Dataset includes orders and cases, respondents, and affiliated documents. Data can be organized via a number of parameters such as case number, site name, violation type, city, county, signed date, and more.
Permits Database - Division of Water Resources
A searchable database of Division of Water Resources permits. Data can be organized via a number of parameters such as permit number, site name, permit type, city, county, and issuance date, amongst other options. A separate database specifically for groundwater permits (septic) is also available. Permits may also be viewed in an interactive Division of Water Permits Map.
UTK MUNICIPAL TECHNICAL ADVISORY SERVICE
FAQs Regarding NPDES Phase II Industrial Permit Notices
Frequently asked questions regarding NPDES Phase II Industrial Permit Notices.
Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination
Franklin aims to identify and eliminate illicit discharges to ensure protection of the environment, proper clean-up of materials, and increasing public awareness of ways to protect the environment by preventing harmful discharges and accidental spills. The program includes the starting of field screening, stream inspections, wet weather monitoring, and complaint response. This educational handout provides examples of illicit stormwater discharges.
Stormwater Management Manual
The 2016 Stormwater Management Manual has been compiled by the City of Franklin to assist planners, developers, contractors and various businesses and industries and the City of Franklin in stormwater pollution prevention and water quality protection. Specific sections of the manual include: 1) Policies & Procedures; 2) Construction Management Practices; 3) Temporary Construction Site Runoff Management Practices; 4) Permanent Erosion Prevention & Sediment Controls; 5) Permanent Stormwater Treatment Controls; 6) Industrial & Commercial Runoff Management Practices; and 7) Other Source Controls. In addition to the manual itself, this page includes an interactive map of active construction sites, a land-use based water quality calculation tool for developers, the state's urban riparian buffer handbook, information about post construction & maintenance measures, and more.
Information about Hopkinsville's MS4 program, covering the City's efforts in education and outreach, illicit dicharges, construction site runoff, post-construction runoff control, and more.
Illicit Discharge Screening
The goal of this program is to locate non-stormwater discharges – particularly chronic discharges – entering the storm drain system and to eliminate them. Available Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination reports include reports for Lytle Creek Watershed, Town Creek Watershed, and West Fork Stones River.
The Environmental Protection Agency requires that a Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTW) Facility with a design flow greater than 5 million gallons per day receiving pollutants from industrial users which could cause interference or pass-through at the POTW develop and implement a Pretreatment Program. This webpage is home to information about Murfreesboro's Pretreatment Program.
Stormwater Management Manual Volume 4 - Best Management Practices
This volume from Nashville's Stormwater Management Manual provides a wealth of technical information about best management practices for managing stormwater. Sections cover best practices related to Contractor Management Practices, Temporary Construction Site Management Practices, Industrial / Commercial Management Practices, Permanent Erosion Prevention And Sediment Control, and Permanent Treatment Practices.
NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION RESOURCES
APPALACHIAN CITIZENS LAW CENTER
This page covers the environmental related efforts of Appalachian Citizens Law Center. ACLC has been involved in efforts to: force state and federal regulators to evaluate the potential impacts of proposed surface mines on human health; stop companies from mining on land without the full consent of all of the land’s owners; hold companies accountable for falsifying pollution discharge reports; and to hold accountable the state environmental protection agencies that are mandated to regulate industry pollution.
APPALACHIAN MOUNTAIN ADVOCATES
Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining
Over the last 15 years, AMA have led the legal battle against mountaintop removal mining and have worked hard to prevent the coal industry from externalizing environmental and economic costs onto the public. Our settlements and court victories have led to hundreds of millions of dollars spent on cleaning up dirty streams and protecting public health, and more than $15 million devoted to land trusts.
HARPETH RIVER WATERSHED ASSOCIATION
Egyptian Lacquer-Liberty Creek Solvent Contamination
HRWA recent sampling at the main seeps of groundwater into Liberty Creek found concentrations of the main hazardous chemical, toluene, at levels that have been found for the last 8 years. These are well above EPA risk limits to protect public health and the environment. More information about this issue and HRWA's efforts to address it are available on this website. In addition, the site links visitors to a 2013 report on the contamination.
Sewage Treatment Plants
On this webpage HRWA explains why they believe their region needs a regional sewer and drinking water plan and provides wastewater recommendations. The site also provides a map of the Harpeth showing sewer treatment plants, drinking water plants, where contaminated groundwater is seeping into the river from the Egyptian Lacquer Plant, and where the river contains treated sewage or effluent.
This webpage is home to information about why the Harpeth does not not meet State Water Quality Standards in the summer and related science based efforts of the association. The page links visitors to an article about the high number of people who visit Harpeth River State Park, a 2006 HRWA Dissolved Oxygen Study and later 2007-2008 studies; and a 2006 Water Quality Analysis study funded by the organization.
Water Quality and Sustainability
HRWA's Water Quality and Sustainability efforts focus on ensuring that policies and regulations are in place that support water quality. Efforts involve shaping growth and the built human landscape so that the ecological health of the river and its watershed is maintained and improved. HRWA's expertise include watershed management and planning, stormwater management and regulations, clean water law and regulations, federal and state permitting and local planning and zoning, and land use planning. This page includes links to HRWA's Protect Our River Campaign, Sewer work, Drinking Water efforts, Toilet to Tap, Egyptian Lacquer's point source pollution, Lowhead Dam Removal, and other science related efforts. This page also links visitors to a number of watershed plans including: the Five Mile Creek Watershed; the headwaters; the West Harpeth; Jones Creek and the South Harpeth.
Addressing Industrial and Other Point Sources
Best management practices for addressing industrial and other point sources.
River Network provides an explanation of best management practices by the following topics: Managing urban runoff; Reducing farm and ranch pollution; Addressing industrial and other point sources; Improving sewage treatment; Increasing protection for drinking water sources; Tackling energy and mining pollution.
SOUTHERN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW CENTER
SELC seeks to protect the South’s cleanest waters, to rescue the most polluted ones, and to make sure there remains enough water flowing in our rivers and streams to support a healthy and diverse array of aquatic life. Priority Projects are listed on this webpage.
Protecting Our Water and Health from Coal Ash
Nearly every major river in the Southeast has one or more lagoons on its banks holding slurries of coal ash from power plants. Containing hundreds of thousands of tons of toxin-laden waste, these pools are often unlined and have leaked arsenic, mercury, thallium, selenium, and other contaminants into the rivers and the underlying groundwater for years, if not decades. In Tennessee, SELC filed a lawsuit against Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) for coal ash at the Gallatin Plant polluting the Cumberland River, which provides drinking water for 1.2 million residents downstream. To help Southerners find out more about risks to their communities, SELC and its partners launched SoutheastCoalAsh.org, a website that provides an interactive map and database of 100 coal ash impoundments.
Restoring the Harpeth River
In 2014, SELC and Harpeth River Watershed Association took legal action against three sewage treatment plants along the Harpeth River for ongoing permit violations and excessive sewage discharge in violation of the Clean Water Act. As a result, Harpeth Wastewater Cooperative and Cartwright Creek sewage treatment plants agreed to join a multi-stakeholder effort to restore the health of the Harpeth River. These utilities committed to expanding water quality monitoring in the river, developing a pollution management plan, and joining a diverse stakeholder group to work cooperatively on improving water quality.
In 2016, SELC and HRWA successfully reached a settlement with the City of Franklin. In addition to new protections and monitoring for sewage discharges, part of the settlement agreement is a comprehensive study focusing on the entire Harpeth River watershed, the first such study in Tennessee. This landmark effort, in which SELC will be one of the participants, will assess the health and the risks to the Harpeth River and its tributaries to ensure the river meets water quality standards moving forward.
Retiring Outdated Coal Burning Plants
SELC works to steer the Southeast away from its heavy reliance on highly polluting coal, participating in utility planning processes and working with state utility commissions to promote the retirements of outdated coal plants. Since 2010, we have helped secured plans or legally binding commitments to retire 30% of the Southeastern coal plant fleet.