Siltation Resource Library
NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE
Emergency Watershed Protection Program
The Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) was established to respond to emergencies created by natural disasters. EWP helps protect lives and property by providing cost share and technical assistance. The program provides funding (up to 75%) to project sponsors for such work as clearing debris from clogged waterways, restoring vegetation, and stabilizing river banks. Each EWP project, excluding flood plain easements, requires a sponsor who applies for the assistance. A sponsor can be any legal subdivision of State or local government. The sponsors determine priorities for emergency assistance while coordinating work with other Federal and local agencies. Application must be received 60 days after event.
Environmental Quality Incentives Program
EQIP provides financial and technical assistance to agricultural producers in order to address natural resource concerns and deliver environmental benefits such as improved water and air quality, conserved ground and surface water, reduced soil erosion and sedimentation or improved or created wildlife habitat.
National Water Quality Initiative
NWQI is designed to help individual agricultural producers take actions to reduce the loss of sediment, nutrients and pathogens into waterways where water quality is a critical concern. The goal of NWQI is to implement conservation practices in sufficient quantity in a concentrated area so that agriculture no longer contributes to the impairment of water bodies within priority watersheds.
To achieve these goals, NRCS will work with landowners to implement conservation practices such as nutrient management, cover crops, conservation cropping systems, filter strips, terraces and buffers. The Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) funds this assistance, and in some cases, is leveraged by funds from local and state partners.
Within the Cumberland River Basin, all NWQI priority watersheds are at the HUC12 level and within the Collins River watershed. Priority watersheds are the Little Hickory Creek (051301070101), West Fork Hickory Creek watershed (051301070102), and Hickory Creek watershed (051301070103).
Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations (WFPO) Program
This program provides technical and financial assistance to States, local governments and Tribes (project sponsors) to plan and implement authorized watershed project plans for the purpose of: watershed protection; flood mitigation; water quality improvements; soil erosion reduction; rural, municipal and industrial water supply; irrigation; water management; sediment control; fish and wildlife enhancement; and hydropower.
Watershed Surveys and Planning Program
The purpose of the program is to assist Federal, State, and local agencies and tribal governments to protect watersheds from damage caused by erosion, floodwater, and sediment and to conserve and develop water and land resources. Resource concerns addressed by the program include water quality, opportunities for water conservation, wetland and water storage capacity, agricultural drought problems, rural development, municipal and industrial water needs, upstream flood damages, and water needs for fish, wildlife, and forest-based industries.
Types of surveys and plans include watershed plans, river basin surveys and studies, flood hazard analyses, and flood plain management assistance. The focus of these plans is to identify solutions that use land treatment and nonstructural measures to solve resource problems.
U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS
Camping on Corps Properties
This site offers campsite reservation information for corps lands in the Cumberland River Basin and elsewhere in the region, including fees, open and close dates, contact info and more.
Clean Marinas Program
The Cumberland River Basin Clean Marina Program is a voluntary program implemented by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Nashville District and its watershed partners to promote environmentally responsible marina and boating practices.
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Developing Your Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan: A Guide for Construction Sites
This document provides guidance to construction site operators that need to prepare a Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan in order to receive National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permit coverage for their stormwater discharges.
Rainfall Erosivity Factor Calculator
The Rainfall Erosivity Factor Calculator determines if small construction projects can obtain a waiver from National Pollution Discharge Elimination System stormwater permitting.
Spreadsheet Tool for Estimating Pollutant Load (STEPL)
STEPL employs simple algorithms to calculate nutrient and sediment loads from different land uses and the load reductions that would result from the implementation of various best management practices (BMPs).
U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service established the Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program to restore historic habitat types, which benefit native fishes and wildlife. Interested landowners in Tennessee and Kentucky can receive technical advice and funding to do livestock exclusion fencing/alternate water supply construction, streambank stabilization; restoration of native Vegetation; wetland restoration/enhancement; riparian reforestation; and restoration of in-stream Aquatic Habitats. Projects must benefit Federal Trust Resources (threatened or endangered species, wetlands, migratory birds). Click the appropriate link for TN or KY above for program details for each state.
U.S. FOREST SERVICE
Adventures of Junior Raindrop
This animated 1948 film shows the need for everyone to be informed about good watershed management. Raindrops, like children, become delinquent and lawless. The animation is supplemented with live action scenes showing contrasting results of poor and good watershed management.
Bedload Assessment in Gravel-bedded Streams (BAGS)
BAGS is a spreadsheet-based program that predicts bed load transport using six well-known bed load transport equations developed specifically for gravel-bed rivers. A companion document 'Sediment Transport Primer Estimating Bed-Material Transport in Gravel-bed Rivers' is also available.
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Assessment of Pesticides, Nutrients, and Suspended Sediment of the Little River Basin, Kentucky
The purpose of this work is 1) develop and apply a multiple-source tracking approach to identify different sources(s) of pathogens, sediment and nitrogen that are exported to streams across land use and variable hydrologic conditions, and 2) provide insight into pathways to improve water quality for various parameters.This effort will also help guide effective restoration efforts primarily in the South Fork Little River subbasin.
Kentucky Water Science Center Sediment Laboratory
The lab performs suspended-sediment concentrations and suspended-sediment sand-fine breaks analyses for project personnel from 23 USGS Districts. These analyses can be used to estimate silt transportation and deposition in streams, rivers, and reservoirs.
Multiple-source tracking: Investigating sources of pathogens, nutrients, and sediment in the Upper Little River Basin, Kentucky, water years 2013–14
In this study, different approaches were used to identify potential sources of fecal-indicator bacteria (FIB), nitrate, and suspended sediment; to inform the TMDL process; and to aid in the implementation of effective watershed-management activities.
Reservoir Sedimentation Database
This federal agency database is a work in progress and is maintained by USGS.
Instantaneous fluvial sediment data, in addition to other instantaneous water-quality and ancillary data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), are available on-line through the National Water Information System water-quality database.
Turbidity Monitoring in Tennessee
A study involving suspended-sediment and turbidity monitoring at stream-gaging stations near the segment of State Route 840 under construction between Fairview and Bending Chestnut.
Water Availability Tool for Environmental Resources (WATER) - Kentucky
WATER was developed to provide a method of estimating streamflow, water availability, and other hydrologic information in un-gaged Kentucky basins. WATER incorporates and processes geospatial data to quantitatively describe topography, soil-water storage, climate, streamflow, and other parameters. WATER is also designed so that it can be expanded for other science and regulatory applications including, but not limited to, sediment and nutrient loads, evaluation of surface mining effects (Cumulative Hydrologic Impact Assessments), as well as flows that are necessary for ecological viability.
Stream Restoration Video
Educational video from the KY Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources on stream restoration.
State Resources - KENTUCKY
KY DIVISION OF CONSERVATION
State Cost Share Program
The Kentucky Soil Erosion and Water Quality Cost Share Program and the Kentucky Soil Stewardship Program are financial and technical assistance programs created to help agricultural operations protect the soil and water resources of Kentucky and to implement their agriculture water quality plans. Water related practices eligible for cost share are agriculture and animal waste control facilities; streambank stabilization; animal waste utilization; vegetative filter strips; integrated crop management; pesticide containment; sinkhole protection; pasture and hay land forage quality; heavy use area protection; rotational grazing system establishment; water well protection; forest land and cropland erosion control systems; closure of agriculture waste impoundment; on-farm fallen animal composting; soil health management; precision nutrient management; strip intercropping system; livestock stream crossing and riparian area protection.
KY DIVISION OF FORESTRY
Field Guide to Best Management Practices for Timber Harvesting in Kentucky
This guide was designed as a field reference for timber harvesting operations. It contains minimum requirements and specifications of Best Management Practices appropriate for timber harvesting operations in Kentucky. Use of these BMPs will help reduce or eliminate sources of water pollution.
Kentucky Forest Conservation Act
The Kentucky Forest Conservation Act requires loggers to use appropriate best management practices to protect water quality. The Division of Forestry has a number of resources related to the document including a Forest Conservation Act Fact Sheet, Loggers Guide to the Forest Conservation Act, and a What Landowners Should Know about the Forest Conservation Act document.
KY DIVISION OF WATER
Erosion Prevention and Sediment Control: Field Guide
A 2009 field guide for erosion prevention and sediment control on construction sites created by the University of Kentucky, the Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection, and the Kentucky Division of Water.
The Division of Water monitors the quality of stream sediments to gain an overall understanding of the background conditions of sediments in wadeable streams and identify areas where concentrations of pollutants in sediments are elevated from background or historic records.
Water Quality Monitoring Webpage
Information on the Division of Waters approach to monitoring. Includes resources on monitoring for biology, bacteria, fish tissue, and sediment.
State Resources - TENNESSEE
TN DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
Manual for Management of Storm Water Discharges Associated with Construction Activities
This manual describes the current requirements of the TDEC General NPDES Permit for Discharges of Storm Water Associated with Construction Activities (Construction General Permit or CGP). Its focus is on field administration of TDOT construction projects to ensure that all phases of the work will comply with the requirements of the CGP. The manual discusses various materials and implementation methods for erosion prevention and sediment control (EPSC).
Program Rationale, Evaluations, and Recommendations for Erosion Prevention and Sediment Control Materials and Practices for TDOT Construction Projects
This report provides evaluation and recommendations on changes to the Environmental Division Procedures and Roadway Design, and sediment and erosion control practices for construction projects.
Statewide Stormwater Management Plan
The SSWMP outlines the steps TDOT will take to implement erosion prevention and sediment control materials and practices for TDOT construction projects. Information about the plan and key documents are housed on this website.
U.T. MUNICIPAL TECHNICAL ADVISORY SERVICE
Stormwater BMP Toolkit - Municipal Housekeeping
This side provides a list of stormwater related good housekeeping resources. Resources include: Advanced Storage Technology - Salt Storage Product Information; Clean Water (National PTA); Cleaning Up Stormwater Runoff; Do's and Don'ts Around the Home; Inlet Etiquette; Lawn & Garden Fertilizers; Lawn & Garden Pesticides; Lawn Watering; Lawn Weed Control; Maintaining Your BMP- Guidebook for Private Owners; Maintaining Your Stormwater Management Structure; Managing Leaves and Yard Trimmings; Managing Your Household Waste; Environmental Guideline Document How to be Green and Stay in the Black; Pet Waste and Water Quality; Polluted Urban Runoff; Rethinking Yard Care Handout; Shoreline Plants and Landscaping; and Storm Sewers: Rivers Beneath Our Feet.
TN DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Agricultural Resources Conservation Fund
The ARCF provides cost-share assistance to Tennessee landowners to install Best Management Practices (BMPs) that reduce agricultural water pollution. A wide range of BMPs are available for cost-share, from those that curtail soil erosion to ones that help to remove pollutants from water runoff from agricultural operations. Landowners may be eligible to receive up to 75% of the cost of a BMP installation. Part of the fund is also available for educational projects which raise awareness of soil erosion/water quality problems and promote BMP use.
State Soil Conservation Committee
The State Soil Conservation Committee provides oversight and assistance to soil conservation districts in carrying out programs directed towards soil erosion control and water quality improvement on farmland. Links to soil conservation district contacts across the state are provided on this webpage.
Tennessee Agricultural Enhancement Program
TAEP is a cost share program for Tennessee's Agricultural community. Participation allows producers to maximize farm profits, adapt to changing market situations, improve operation safety, increase farm efficiency and make a positive economic impact in their communities. Grant funds from the program are also available for community tree planting and are designed to assist cities and towns in maintaining and increasing their tree resource. This includes funding for riparian tree planting on public or private land, as of 2016.
TN DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND CONSERVATION
Discharges of Filter Backwash and Sedimentation Basin Washwater from Water
Any individual who discharges filter backwash and sedimentation basin washwater from water treatment plants to the waters of Tennessee must obtain an NPDES permit for such discharge.
Guide to the Selection & Design of Stormwater Best Management Practices (BMPs)
A Guide for Phase II MS4 Communities for Protecting Post-construction Stormwater Quality and Managing Stormwater Flow.
Landscaping, Gardening, and Pest Control Storm Water BMP Brochure
This pamphlet provides landscapers, gardeners, and pest controllers with information for preventing pollution from entering streams and rivers from polluted storm water. It contains general information and tips, as well as home and garden pesticide alternatives, pesticide disposal, and more.
A stormwater management guide for auto recycler owners and operators. Practices in this guide describe options that facilities can implement to help address stormwater issues. The guide also links readers to additional guides and resources. Additional auto salvage resources are located here.
Tennessee Stormwater Training Program
The Tennessee Stormwater Training Program offers training classes related to the design and inspection of construction stormwater erosion prevention and sediment controls, as well as permanent stormwater management. Classes are held throughout the year at multiple locations across the state.
A stormwater management guide for auto recycler owners and operators. Practices in this guide describe options that facilities can implement to help address stormwater issues. The guide also links readers to additional guides and resources. Additional auto salvage resources are located here.
TN DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES
Tennessee Erosion and Sediment Control Handbook
This Erosion Prevention and Sediment Control Handbook has been designed to provide standardized and comprehensive erosion prevention and sediment control BMP’s for use throughout Tennessee. This handbook serves as the primary reference for the development and implementation of Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plans, as required per the Tennessee General NPDES Permit for Discharges Associated with Construction Activities and individual NPDES permits.
Improving Stream Channels, Ditches and Lakeshores With Live Staking
A how-to guide for using cuttings from dormant woody vegetation to revegetate bare stream banks.
Rainwater: Your Liquid Asset A Home Stormwater Exercise
Information for helping homeowners what happens to stormwater on their property and how to mitigate stormwater pollution.
Reducing Soluble Phosphorus Content to Control Algal Growth in Farm Ponds
Water quality in many ponds is poor due to poor management. Sediments and excessive nutrients, especially phosphorus, cause algal growth, low dissolved oxygen levels, fish kills and odors. Herbicide technologies for controlling algae do not treat the problem but rather the symptoms, therefore control with herbicide is often temporary. Addition of alum, a common technology for drinking water treatment, treats the problem.
Teacher Resources - Backyard STEM for Tennessee 4-H
A webpage with a variety of environmental stewardship related teaching resources organized by soils, water and watersheds, wildlife and ecology, and more. Water and watershed related resources include teacher modules on Nutrient Pollution and Eutrophication, Stormwater Mapping, Sediments and Water Quality, Benthic Macroinvertibrates, Rain Gardens, Soil Water Holding Capacity, and Watershed Mapping.
Land Disturbance/Construction Site Run-Off Best Management Practices
All land disturbance activities in the City and its Urban Growth boundary are expected to utilize a series of Best Management Practices and are to be self monitored to assure compliance with the City of Hendersonville’s stormwater quality standards. A Power Point Presentation titled: Expectations for Construction Activities will give a better overview on these expectations. This site also links visitors to a Hendersonville's construction manual, which also provides water quality related guidance.
Information about Hopkinsville's MS4 program, covering the City's efforts in education and outreach, illicit dicharges, construction site runoff, post-construction runoff control, and more.
Education and Outreach - Stormwater
This webpage offers residential tips to reduce stormwater pollution.
Line Flushing Program
The Water Management Department conducts a comprehensive water line flushing program throughout the City. Flushing is a process that rapidly removes water from the City’s water piping system. Flushing uses water force to scour out materials that accumulate in the City’s pipes. Water pipes are usually flushed by opening fire hydrants. Page contains links to more information about the City of Franklin Water Flushing Program and a Flush Zones Map and Schedule.
Stormwater Management Manual
The 2016 Stormwater Management Manual has been compiled by the City of Franklin to assist planners, developers, contractors and various businesses and industries and the City of Franklin in stormwater pollution prevention and water quality protection. Specific sections of the manual include: 1) Policies & Procedures; 2) Construction Management Practices; 3) Temporary Construction Site Runoff Management Practices; 4) Permanent Erosion Prevention & Sediment Controls; 5) Permanent Stormwater Treatment Controls; 6) Industrial & Commercial Runoff Management Practices; and 7) Other Source Controls. In addition to the manual itself, this page includes an interactive map of active construction sites, a land-use based water quality calculation tool for developers, the state's urban riparian buffer handbook, information about post construction & maintenance measures, and more.
Banner Displays Available for Checkout
Metro Water Services provides standing display banners for use at single-day or multi-day events. Banners include: Metro Water Services History, Clean Water Begins at Home, Garden Chemicals, Yard Waste Disposal, Sediment, Scoop the Poop, Storm Drains,Watersheds,Trash in Streams, and Oil and Vehicle Maintenance.
Proper Lawn and Garden Maintenance
Tips for maintaining your lawn and garden in ways that don't contribute to or that help mitigate stormwater pollution. The site includes a Homeowners Guide to Lawn and Garden Maintenance; a link to Tennessee Smart Yards Tips; and ways to Request a Speaker for Your Garden Club or Neighborhood Meeting. The site also offers two videos about the Proper Use of Lawn Chemicals and Controlling Erosion with a Hillside Garden.
Stormwater Management Manual Volume 2 - Procedures
This volume from Nashville's Stormwater Management Manual provides a compilation of readily available literature relevant to stormwater management activities in Nashville and Davidson County. Topics covered include hydrology, hydraulics (including gutter, inlet, culvert, storm sewer hydraulics, bridge, and detention/retention hydraulics), erosion and sediment control, outlet protection, data collection, computer programs, and stormwater pollution prevention programs. An additional Volume 3 of the Stormwater Management Manual provides a theoretical supplement to the technical guidelines and procedures presented in this Procedures volume.
Stormwater Management Manual Volume 4 - Best Management Practices
This volume from Nashville's Stormwater Management Manual provides a wealth of technical information about best management practices for managing stormwater. Sections cover best practices related to Contractor Management Practices, Temporary Construction Site Management Practices, Industrial / Commercial Management Practices, Permanent Erosion Prevention And Sediment Control, and Permanent Treatment Practices.
Best Management Practices for Businesses
Murfreesboro's guides for reducing stormwater pollution from restaurants, automotive and car care, automotive businesses and parking lots, and when pressure washing buildings, parking, restaurant lots, gas stations.
Best Management Practices for Homeowners
Resources for helping homeowners manage stormwater pollution. Resources include: the Homeowners Guide to Cleaner Water; how toCreate a Streamside Buffer; 25 Ways to Prevent Water Waste; How to Make a Rain Garden; How to Make a Rain Barrel; How to Recycle Used Oil; Oil Recycling Locations; Summertime Tips for Water Quality; a Storm Drain Labeling Fact Sheet and Storm Drain Labeling Request Form; and Grass Clipping Disposal and Fertilizer Usage Information.
Land Disturbance Permitting
According to Murfreesboro city ordinance, one must obtain a Land Disturbance Permit (LDP) for construction activity disturbing one or more acres of land. This webpage has more information and helpful related resources.
The Stormwater Department performs several different forms of monitoring and sampling in local streams and in the storm sewer system, as part of the city’s stormwater program required by federal and state regulations and permit. This website has additional information about this program and links visitors to the Bear Branch Watershed Plan with the US Army Corps of Engineers and visual stream assessments for East Fork Stones River Watershed, Lytle Creek Watershed, Middle Fork Stones River, Overall Creek Watershed, Sinking Creek Stream, and Upper West Fork Stones. The site also houses several stream assessment videos shot at Bear Branch Creek, where the City was found trash and sediment and checked the streams pH, conductivity and temperature.
What You Can Do To Reduce Stormwater Pollution
This site is home to a bit of information about water pollution and stormwater improvement programs in Murfreesboro. Phone numbers are provided for reporting erosion and sediment control problems.
NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION RESOURCES
CUMBERLAND RIVER COMPACT
Green Alley Project
The Cumberland River Compact’s Green Alley project is transforming alleys from asphalt stormwater conveyances that transport pollution to our most vulnerable streams into areas that percolate and clean polluted stormwater, thereby improving water quality throughout the city.
We work with the public to build rain gardens in yards, at schools, churches, parks, and businesses. Rain gardens can capture and percolate tens of thousands of gallons of stormwater a year. This prevents the transport of pollutants into our waterways. The Cumberland River Compact hosts classes, offers site visits, and organizes volunteer groups to build rain gardens. We have built close to 500 rain gardens in middle Tennessee. The Rain Gardens for Nashville guide is available from this webpage.
River Friendly Agriculture
Best management practices (BMPs), funding sources, and contacts for landowners to help protect our state’s precious water. This webpage provides links to an explanation of agricultural BMPs, resources for paying for BMPs,certifications for farms, and contacts who can offer technical advice. All of this information is available in pdf form here.
Sugartree Creek Restoration
The Cumberland River Compact and its partners, Metro Water Services and the Nature Conservancy, Tennessee Chapter are working in Sugartree Creek to establish a model for urban stream mediation. The goal of our project is to implement newly designed EPA software that determines optimum locations for water quality projects and apply this to Sugartree Creek.
Beneficial Conservation Practices for Farmers
This guide provides information about agricultural practices that help protect your soil and water while saving you money and preventing future problems from occurring. A list of conservation practices and benefits is provided, as are funding and support programs, and resources and support for cover crops, alternate water sources for livestock, rotational grazing, phosphorous in the environment, tree plantings and riparian zone restoration, and additional general information about water quality on farms and best management practices from TN's extension office.
This webpage provides an overview of HWRA efforts to restore the headwaters of the Harpeth using 319 grant funding. Efforts have focused on reducing nonpoint source stormwater pollution with exclusion fences, stabilizing feeding areas, and stabilizing streambanks.
Home and Garden Tips
These tips cover things you can do around the house and in your garden that will affect the health of rivers and streams. Suggestions cover conservation, household contaminants, nonpoint source pollution, oil and gas, environmentally safe products without chlorine and phosphate products and solvents. Links on this page take visitors to a printable River Smart Around the Home Tips Sheet and River Smart Gardening Tips Sheet, a video about where drinking water comes from, non toxic home cleaning products and tips, and information about where to recycle in Nashville.
River Restoration and Wildlife Protection Program
The River Restoration & Wildlife Protection program coordinates and implements projects that restore streams, address stream bank erosion, and reduce pollution from runoff in urban, suburban, and rural areas. Example restoration projects are provided on this page including riparian zone restoration, tree planting, bank stabilization, rain gardens, and stream clean-ups. Links on this page provide information on cedar revetments for repairing stream banks, a rain garden and rain barrel page, recent projects and more.
Threats to Biodiversity
A list of the major threats that are affecting the wildlife and environment of middle Tennessee. Dams, habitat loss from development, pollution, and soil erosion and degradation are highlighted.
Threats to Our Watershed
Information about the biggest threats to water quality in the Harpeth River Watershed. This page covers issues regarding development, sedimentation, the importance of water quality buffers, and nonpoint source pollution.
KENTUCKY WATERWAYS ALLIANCE
Educational materials about sediment and why it is a water quality concern. This webpage includes a link to an animated film about the matter.
RED RIVER WATERSHED ASSOCIATION
This webpage provides an overview of the Red River Watershed and highlights water quality challenges in the region. The site also includes a link to a map of the watershed.
TENNESSEE ENVIRONMENTAL COUNCIL
Watershed Support Center
The Council’s Watershed Support Center takes challenges and turns them into opportunities for Tennessee rivers and streams and waterways and the wildlife and people who enjoy them. Work includes: Planting trees to reforest the stream banks and planting live stakes to stabilize the soil and help improve water quality; installing rain gardens, rain gardens add beauty to the landscape and reduce flooding by allowing storm water to be absorbed by the plants and infiltrated into the ground; installing revetments (cedar timbers wrapped in coir mat) on to the eroded bank to prevent further deterioration of the stream bank; fish habitat restoration initiatives in the streams.