Wetlands Resource Library
NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE
Agricultural Applied Climate Information System
This system is a repository for data collected at stations in the National Weather Service Cooperative Network. Data and several standard summary reports are available. Historically, the most common summary reports used in NRCS are TAPS (temperature and precipitation summary), FROST (frost-free days), GROWTH (growing season length), and WETS (wetlands determination). AgACIS is supported by the Northeast Regional Climate Center.
Agricultural Conservation Easement Program
ACEP provides financial and technical assistance to help conserve agricultural lands and wetlands and their related benefits. Under the Agricultural Land Easements component, NRCS helps Indian tribes, state and local governments and non-governmental organizations protect working agricultural lands and limit non-agricultural uses of the land. Under the Wetlands Reserve Easements component, NRCS helps to restore, protect and enhance enrolled wetlands.
Conservation Stewardship Program
The Conservation Stewardship Program helps agricultural producers maintain and improve their existing conservation systems and adopt additional conservation activities to address priority resources concerns. Participants earn CSP payments for conservation performance - the higher the performance, the higher the payment.
Through CSP, participants take additional steps to improve resource condition including soil quality, water quality, water quantity, air quality, and habitat quality, as well as energy.
Mississippi River Basin Healthy Watersheds Initiative
Through the Mississippi River Basin Healthy Watersheds Initiative (MRBI), NRCS and partners work with producers and landowners to implement voluntary conservation practices that improve water quality, restore wetlands, enhance wildlife habitat and sustain agricultural profitability in the Mississippi River basin.
The 13-state initiative builds on the cooperative work of NRCS and its conservation partners in the basin, and offers agricultural producers in priority watersheds the opportunity for voluntary technical and financial assistance.
Cumberland River Basin Projects to receive funding in 2016 include:
- Upper Buck Creek
- Partners: Pulaski Co. CD, TNC, US Fish & Wildlife, KY Fish & Wildlife, KY Fish & Wildlife/NFWF, UK Extension, UCWW, Kentucky Division of Water, Rockcastle Co. CD, Lincoln Co. CD
- Red River
- Partners: Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Tennessee Department of Agriculture
Watershed Surveys and Planning Program
The purpose of the program is to assist Federal, State, and local agencies and tribal governments to protect watersheds from damage caused by erosion, floodwater, and sediment and to conserve and develop water and land resources. Resource concerns addressed by the program include water quality, opportunities for water conservation, wetland and water storage capacity, agricultural drought problems, rural development, municipal and industrial water needs, upstream flood damages, and water needs for fish, wildlife, and forest-based industries.
Types of surveys and plans include watershed plans, river basin surveys and studies, flood hazard analyses, and flood plain management assistance. The focus of these plans is to identify solutions that use land treatment and nonstructural measures to solve resource problems.
The purpose of this Kentucky initiative is to help participants develop fish and wildlife habitat on private agricultural land, nonindustrial private forest land and Indian land. NRCS provides technical and financial assistance to landowners and others to develop or enhance upland, wetland, riparian, and aquatic habitat areas on their property.
U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS
Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration
Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration found under Continuing Authorities Program Section 206 of the Water Resources Development Act of 1996, as amended, authorizes the Corps of Engineers to participate in the planning, engineering, and construction of projects to restore degraded aquatic ecosystem structure, function, and dynamic processes to a less degraded, more natural condition.
Continuing Authorities Program
Congress has given the Corps of Engineers authority to plan, design, and construct small projects for flood risk management, emergency streambank and shoreline protection, ecosystem restoration, and navigation improvements without specific Congressional authorization.
Before the Federal Government can participate in implementing a project, the Nashville District must conduct a two phase study. The first phase is reconnaissance. This phase is used to make a preliminary determination whether there is federal interest in further studying the problem. The reconnaissance phase is completed upon the signing of a Feasibility Cost Sharing Agreement by the Nashville District and the cost-share sponsor. By signing the agreement, the second phase can be initiated, called a feasibility study. This study evaluates a wide range of alternatives and recommends the best solution from economic and environmental perspectives.
National Wetland Condition Assessment
The National Wetland Condition Assessment (NWCA) is a collaborative survey of our Nation's wetlands. The NWCA examines the chemical, physical and biological integrity of wetlands through a set of commonly used and widely accepted indicators.
Wetlands Educational Resources
Wetland related activities, guides, curiculums, videos and more from the EPA.
EPA provides several funding sources that can be used to support state and tribal programs, as well as voluntary restoration.
U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
Contribute Data to National Wetlands Inventory
Wetland mapping that complies with the Federal Mapping and Classification Standard can be submitted to the National Wetland Inventory.
Fish and Wildlife Service Document Library
Documents organized by topics such as endangered species, candidate species, wetlands, conservation planning assistance, water resource development and more.
iPac is a project planning tool which streamlines the US Fish and Wildlife Service's environmental review process. It allows users to see if any threatened or endangered species, critical habitat, migratory birds or other natural resources may be impacted by a project, explore the distribution of important biological resources, such as wetlands, National Wildlife Refuges, critical habitat, GAP land cover and more, input information about your project, and receive a list of conservation measures suggested by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.
National Wetlands Inventory
New data has been added to both Wetlands Mappers for over 70 million acres of the U.S. These updates include various areas within the lower 48 states and American Samoa. To view these updates, please visit the USFWS Wetlands Mapper webpage. The Wetlands Mapper integrates digital map data with other resource information to produce timely and relevant management and decision support tools. Data can also bedownloaded by HUC 8 Watershed Boundary or by State.
North American Wetlands Conservation Act (NAWCA) Grants
NAWCA grants increase bird populations and wetland habitat, while supporting local economies and American traditions such as hunting, fishing, birdwatching, family farming, and cattle ranching. Wetlands protected by NAWCA provide valuable benefits such as flood control, reducing coastal erosion, improving water and air quality, and recharging ground water.
Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service established the Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program to restore historic habitat types, which benefit native fishes and wildlife. Interested landowners in Tennessee andKentucky can receive technical advice and funding to do livestock exclusion fencing/alternate water supply construction, streambank stabilization; restoration of native Vegetation; wetland restoration/enhancement; riparian reforestation; and restoration of in-stream Aquatic Habitats. Projects must benefit Federal Trust Resources (threatened or endangered species, wetlands, migratory birds). Click the appropriate link for TN or KY above for program details for each state.
Predevelopment Consultation - TN Ecological Services Field Office
This Program provides early technical assistance to various entities who have applied for federal funds or will have to obtain a federal license or permit. The purpose of the early coordination is to assist the applicant in determining if wetlands or federally endangeredor threatened species could be impacted by the proposed activity. The intent is to provide early notification of potential issues before an applicant has committed significant resources toward specific plans or designs.
Wetlands Data Verification Toolset
The Wetlands Data Verification Toolset is a user friendly tool designed to automate the quality control functions necessary to ensure your data submission meets the federal standard to be accepted into the national geospatial wetlands layer. The tool is designed to address specific geospatial errors, digital anomalies and logic checks. The toolset was created using ESRI Model builder, and is compatible with ESRI’s Arc Desktop 10.2 and 10.3.1.
The Wetlands mapper is designed to deliver easy-to-use, map like views of America’s Wetland resources. It integrates digital map data along with other resource information to produce current information on the status, extent, characteristics and functions of wetlands, riparian, and deepwater habitats.
U.S. FOREST SERVICE
Land and Water Conservation Fund Map Viewer
The Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) provides money to federal, state and local governments to purchase land, water and wetlands. This national map viewer displays LWCF proposals on US Forest Service System Lands.
Water and Soil Resource Management in Daniel Boone National Forest
This webpage has information regarding some of the water and soil resource management efforts that have taken place in this national forest.
Water Education Posters
Cartoon posters for grades K-12 on the subjects of wetlands, water use, wastewater, navigation, groundwater, coastal hazards, watersheds, water quality, and hazardous waste.
State Resources - KENTUCKY
KY DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES
The "Habitat How-To" documents below cover some of the more common habitat management practices when developing an overall farm plan. How-To's include guides for shallow water wetlands, streamside management, wildlife water holes, planting trees and shrubs and more.
Stream Team Program
The Stream Team offer landowners free repairs to eroding and unstable streams and wetlands. The team consists of a group of stream restoration specialists in the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources. Their job is to identify and undertake stream restoration projects statewide. The Stream Team works with private landowners and others to identify stream restoration projects. Projects are funded from the Kentucky Wetland and Stream Mitigation Fund held in trust solely for repairing streams and wetlands. No state tax general funds or hunting/fishing license dollars are used. In addition to basic and technical information about this program as well as the states stream mitigation program, this webpage has information for helping landowners see if they may qualify for the program.
KY DIVISION OF WATER
Story Map Viewer
This gallery includes Kentucky Division of Water Story Map and Map Tour applications created with Esri's arcgis.com templates. The Kentucky Department of Environmental Protection Information Section collaborated with the Division of Water to prepare the content for each application. Cumberland Basin relevant story maps include an interactive Kentucky Wild Rivers map and a Kentucky Wetlands map.
Kentucky Water Watch
The Water Watch program is dedicated to helping you protect Kentucky's streams, rivers, lakes and wetlands. The program accomplishes its goals through community education initiatives, community leadership, community action and water quality monitoring projects. KY Water Watch volunteers throughout Kentucky collect water quality data on the state's rivers and streams. A list of Water Watch groups can be organized by county, city, water body, affiliation or contact.
KY STATE NATURE PRESERVES COMMISSION
Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission
KSNPC creates, maintains and publishes a variety of publications on rare plants, animals and natural communities in Kentucky. This webpage houses these publications. The Commission's bookstore includes titles such as "An Illustrated Guide to Biodiversity," "A Distributional Atlas of Kentucky Fishes," "Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Kentucky," and "A Guide to the Freshwater Mussels of Kentucky."
State Resources - TENNESSEE
TN DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND CONSERVATION
Permanent Stormwater Management Training Manual
A stormwater management and design guidance manual covering a variety of stormwater control measures including: Dry Detention; Wet Ponds; Vegetated Swales; Managed Vegetated Areas; Filter Strips; Bioretention; Urban Bioretention; Infiltration Areas; Permeable Pavement; Green Roofs; Rainwater Harvesting; Stormwater Treatment Wetlands; and Manufactured-Proprietary Treatment Devices.
TN DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
This new chapter of the Environmental Procedures Manual describes procedures and guidance the Ecology staff will use to identify and mitigate the impacts roadway projects have on streams, wetlands, and endangered species. It serves as a reference for TDOT Ecology staff in preparing project planning documentation and assessments for resource agencies. It also serves as a reference for mitigation methods and design.
Procedures Manual – Updates
Revisions to the manual include the procedures that the Environmental Division should follow to incorporate environmental data into the project planning and development processes. The updates describe the process for identifying natural resource features, such as streams, springs, wetlands, and endangered or protected species, as well as the process for determining alternatives to minimize or avoid impacts.
TN DIVISION OF FORESTRY
Best Management Practices in TN: Guide to Forestry
This 2003 BMP handbook was prepared as a reference guide for those who work in the forest, own forestland or are concerned about forest management practices and their effect on the environment. It is designed to assist foresters, loggers and land managers with each aspect of BMP installation. Topics covered include forest road design, construction and maintenance; special considerations for streamside management zones; timber harvesting and site preparation; and wetlands.
TN DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES
Compensatory Mitigation For Streams and Wetlands
A webpage with information about this program as well as a guidance document for compensatory mitigation of permanent impacts to streams.
Surface Water Monitoring and Assessment Program Plan
The Division of Water Resources (DWR) has a comprehensive monitoring program that serves its water quality management needs and addresses all the state's surface waters including streams, rivers, lakes, reservoirs and wetlands. These report details the monitoring program plan, excluding inspection information: FY 2016-2017, FY 2015-2016, FY 2014-2015.
TN WILDLIFE RESOURCES AGENCY
Backyard Conservation Booklet
A guide to bringing conservation to you backyard. Topics include water conservation, nutrient management, backyard wetlands, and more.
UT WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH CENTER
Guide to the Selection & Design of Stormwater Best Management Practices (2003)
This manual provides general guidance in developing and implementing postconstruction best management practices (BMPs) for both stormwater runoff quality and quantity (flow). Topics covered include non-structural practices such as: Comprehensive Planning; Zoning, Ordinances, and Codes; Landscaping and Vegetative Control Practices; Public Outreach and Education; Good Housekeeping; Urban Stormwater Pollution Prevention Planning; and Non-Stormwater Discharges to Storm Drains. Structural practices covered include basin ponds; constructed wetlands; infiltration systems; and filtering systems.
Flood Hazard Mitigation Plan (Draft)
This page contains a link to the draft plan and its various attachments. The plan includes a number of sections, including one on floodplain management.
Water Quality Buffers
New development and significant redevelopment sites are required to preserve water quality buffers along Metro’s community waters, which include streams, rivers, springs, lakes, ponds, and wetlands. Additional information about buffers and buffer requirements is available on this webpage.
Threats and Solutions
This pages provide a wealth of educational resources and information. Topics include Protecting Small Streams and Wetlands, How Stormwater Affects Your Rivers, Sewage Pollution in Rivers, Water Efficiency and Conservation,"Greening" Water Infrastructure, Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in Our Water, The Impacts of Climate Change on Rivers, and Healthy Rivers, Resilient Communities.
KENTUCKY WATERWAYS ALLIANCE
Information about wetlands and wetland protection in Kentucky.
THE NATURE CONSERVANCY OF KENTUCKY
Grand Rivers Corridor Work
The Grand Rivers Corridor encompasses more than 513,000 acres in the watersheds of the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers below their dams at Land Between the Lakes. Important systems in the area include aquatic assemblages of the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers, sloughs and emergent wetlands, bottomland forest, oak flatwoods, forested ravines, non-hydric oak savannah, native grasslands and xeric glade communities. Conservation targets for the area include rare or declining species listed above in glades, prairies, grasslands, wetlands, water, and karst areas and cave systems.
THE NATURE CONSERVANCY OF TENNESSEE
Linking Conservation Priorities to Wetland and Stream Mitigation Decisions
This 2011 document presents a watershed planning approach for linking conservation priorities to wetland and stream mitigation decisions for the Stones River.
Watershed Approach Handbook: Improving Outcomes and Increasing Benefits Associated with Wetland and Stream Restoration and Protection Projects
This handbook demonstrates how using a watershed approach can help ensure that selection, design and siting of wetland and stream restoration and protection projects, including projects required by compensatory mitigation projects, also contribute to goals of improved water quality, increased flood mitigation, improved quality and quantity of habitat, and increases in other services and benefits.