American Bison

Bison bison


Conservation Status

  • American Bison are the largest mammal in North America. Males can be 6 feet tall and 2,000 pounds. Calves can weigh up to 70 lbs at birth.  
  • Over 60 million American Bison used to roam the continent from Alaska to the Gulf of Mexico. By the end of the 19th century, only 541 remained. Today, thanks to recovery efforts, over 30,000 can be found, primarily in public protected areas. 
  • Attempts to domesticate the bison have failed. The species can swim, jump nearly 6 feet, and will destroy fences, including razor wire. 
  • In the Cumberland River Basin, these animals can be seen in the Elk and Bison Prairie within Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area. 

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